PBL Task - 2

The Vietnam war

Introduction

The Vietnam war is another name for the indochina war, 1954 - 1973. Usually, it refers to the period when the United Statesand other members of the SEATO (Southeast Asia Treaty Organisation) joined forces with the republic of South Vietnam, in contesting communist forces compirise Of the South Vietnamese guerrillas and regular force units, generally known as the Viet Cong (VC) and the North Vietnamese Army (NVA).

This war was the longest war in U.S history, until the war in Afghanistan that began in 2002.

Cause and Effects

There are many versions on why the Vietnam war started.


  • The North Vietnamese government and the Viet Cong were fighting to reunify Vietnam under communist rule.


The Vietnam war had major impact on both South and North Vietnam.


  • During the air war America dropped 8 million ton of bombs between 1965 - 1973, the type of bombs used varied and ranged from high explosive to blanket bombs.
  • High explosive bombs continued to explode after the war because some failed to explode during the war.
  • 2 million lives were lost, 3 million people were wounded and hundreds of thousand of children were left as orphans.
  • The war also left major effects on veterans that fought hard. 700,000 vietnamese veterans suffered psychological after effects

People involved

Countries:


Anti communist forces - South Vietnam, Australia, South Korea, United States, Thailand, New Zealand, Khmer Republic and the Kingdom of Loas.


Communist forces - North Vietnam, Viet Cong, Khmer Rouge and Pathet Loa.



Commanders and Leaders:


South Vietnam - Ngo Dinh Diem, Nguyen Cao Ky, Cao Van Vein, Nguyen Van Thieu and Ngo Quang Thruong.


North Vietnam - Ho Chi Minh, Le Duan, Van Nguyen Clap, Van Tien Dung, Le Trong Tang and Pham Van Dong.


United States - J ohn F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard Nixon, Robert McNamara and William.


Viet Cong - Pham Van Dong, Haong Van Tai, Than Van Tra, Nguyeh Van Linh and Nguyeh Huu Tho.

Key Points

  • Began - 1-11-1955
  • Ended - 30 - 4 -1975
  • People Died - Estimate amount: 2 million
  • People wounded - Estimate amount: 3 million
  • Weapons used - Individual Weapons: Pistol, Grenade Launcher, Carbine Family and rifle.
Infantry Weapons: Machine Gun, LAW and mortar.

Vehicles: Mechanical Mule, Jeep and Ton cargo truck.



Protective System - Viet Tunnels

Viet Cong Tunnels were used in the Vietnam war by the Viet Cong as an attack base on the South Vietnamese Capital Saigon. The tunnels were built underground just 40 kilometres from Saigon, around an area known as the Iron Triangles. These tunnels were cleverly built and designed to hide the defenders from the Viet Cong. They were very succesful and a surprise to the other countries.

Conditions

The Vietnam war was a jungle war. The people there had to battle snakes, mosquitos, leaches, there were booby traps everywhere and there were various fevers, snake bites and much, much more.