Cell organisms

By Tim Porter

Plant Cells

Plant cells are eukaryotic cells that are in several key aspects from the cells of other eukaryotic organisms. These cells can be found in the plant cell: Chloroplast, central vacuole, cell wall, nucleus, endoplasmic reticulum, ribosomes, Golgi apparatus, vesicles, mitochondria, and cell membrane.
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Chloroplast

Plants get their energy directly through the sun. Using chloroplasts, chloroplasts are like solar panels. It absorbs the suns energy, and gives it to the plant.
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Central vacuole

A central vacuole stores water and other minerals for the plants. Water in the vacuole provides support for other plants.
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Cell wall

A cell wall is a tough outer covering that is just outside the cell membrane. It supports and protects the cell. Having a cell wall is important in way which plant cells differ from animal cells.
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Nucleus

The Nucleus is a genetic material that is in a structure. The nucleus is like the mayor of the cell, it controls everything.
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Endoplasmic Reticulum

The endoplasmic reticulum is a type of organelle. Endoplasmic reticulum occurs in most types of eukaryotic cells. ER is short for Endoplasmic Reticulum.
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Ribosomes

The ribosome is a large and complex molecular machine, found within all living cells. They follow instructions from the nucleus and create proteins the cell needs.
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Golgi apparatus

Also known as the Golgi complex, Golgi body, or simply the Golgi, is an organelle found in most eukaryotic cells. It was identified in 1897 by the Italian physician Camillo Golgi and named after him in 1898.
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Nucleolus

The nucleolus is the largest structure in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells where it primarily serves as the site of ribosomes synthesis and assembly. Nucleoli also have other important functions like assembly of signal recognition particles and playing a role in the cell's response to stress.
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Cell membrane

The cell membrane controls what goes in and out of the cell. Both, plant and animal cells.
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Cytoplasm

All of the prokaryotic organisms will contain cytoplasm. It is in both, plant and animal cells.
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Mitochondria

It produces an energy-rich molecule called ATP. It also breaks down sugar and releases energy. It is found in both, plant and animal cells.
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Vacuole

The vacuole stores water and nutrients that the cell needs to survive. It is found in both, plant in animal cells.
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Rough ER

The outer (cytosolic) face of the rough endoplasmic reticulum is studded with ribosomes that are the sites of protein synthesis.
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Smooth ER

The smooth endoplasmic reticulum (abbreviated SER) has functions in several metabolic processes. It synthesizes lipids, phospholipids, and steroids. Cells which secrete these products, such as those in the testes, ovaries, and skin oil glands have a great amount of smooth endoplasmic reticulum.
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Lysosome

Lysosome-associated membrane glycoproteins (lamp) are integral membrane proteins, specific to lysosomes.
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Animal cell

An animal cell is a form of eukaryotic cell that makes up many tissues in animals. Animal cells are distinct from other eukaryotes, most notably plant cells, as they lack cell walls and chloroplasts.
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Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic

A eukaryote is any organism whose cells contain a nucleus and other structures (organelles) enclosed within membranes. Eukaryotes are formally the taxon Eukarya or Eukaryota. A prokaryote is a singled-celled organism that lacks a membrane-bound nucleus,mitochondria, or any other membrane-bound organelles.
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Cell Theory

All living things are made of cells.

Cells come from preexisting cells.

Cells are the basic unit of life.

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