Asia

China

The capital of China is Beijing and is located in northern China.

Climate

The climate in China varies from region to region as the country is so large.

North-east: Summers are hot and dry. Winters are freezing cold

North and Central: Frequent hot summers and cold winters

South-east: Plenty of rainfall, semi-tropical summers and winters.


Flooding can occur in the central, southern and western regions, and the country in general can experience earthquakes.

Population

China has a population of 1.351 billion and is one of the largest in the world.

religion

The largest religion in China is Buddhism.

The other major religions are Taoism, Con fucianism, Islam and Christianity.

customs/beliefs

Chinese people value, courtesy and respect, for parents and elders, loyalty and family.


Important festivals in China are Chinese New Year, Qingming festival, Dragon Boat festival and Mid-Autumn festival

language

The official language of China is known as standard Chinese or mandarin Chinese.

History highlights

Inventions- paper, toilet paper, the compass, gunpowder, ice-cream.


Economy

China has the worlds second largest economy after the United States of America.



The currency of China is called 'renminbi or peoples currency, and includes yuan, jiao fen.

Education

Education is very important to Chinese people and their education system is the largest in the world.

Most schools run from 7:30am- 5:30pm and school is compulsory for nine years.

Health

The life expectancy for Chinese people is 74 for male and 77 for female.


Chinese people have a healthy diet. They eats of fruits and vegetables, rice, fish and chicken. They don't eat a lot of red meat.


Chinese medicine is medical practices that have been developed in China based on traditions that are over 2000 years old. They include herbal medicines, acupuncture, massage, exercise and dietary therapy.


Living Conditions

Most Chinese children often live with their parents and grandparents in small apartments and high rise buildings.



Most houses are owned by the government and are rented.

Natural Resources

China has many mineral resources such as mercury, tin, tungsten, antimony, manganese, molydenum, vanadium, magnetite, aluminium, lead, nickel, zinc and uranium.


Energy resources include coal, iron ore, petroleum and natural gas

Vegetable resources are wheat, tobacco, soybeans, potatoes, sorghun, peanuts, tea, millet, barley, cotton and oilseeds. The are the worlds largest producers of rice.

Environmental issues

China's environmental issues include and water shortages and water pollution, deforestation (cutting down forests) , desertification (land turning to desert), climate change, pollution and over population.