Human Learning Theories
For example if a child gets picked on in math class every day, that child will learn that math class brings pain and will not like learning math. This explains how humans can learn certain behaviors are good and then only copy these good behaviors. The illustration below shows this explanation further using a basic example of a dog and food.
Social Learning Theory
An example is a student observes another student being praised for earning a good grade and another student being scolded for distracting others in class. The observing student then learns that doing well in class is the right thing to do and distracting others is bad.
Information Processing Theory
For example if a child sees another child cheat on a test and is reprimanded. Then in the future if there is an opportunity to cheat his mind will process and remember this is a bad behavior and that they shouldn't do it.