Reconstruction of the South
by Austin Bateman
Oliver O. Howard served as chief commissioner of the Freedmen's Bureau at the request of President Johnson in May 1865. He was a Union general in the Civil War, and in 1867 he founded Howard University.
Hiram Revels was the first black citizen to be elected to the U.S. Senate. Born to free parents in Fayetteville, North Carolina, Revels had to go to Indiana and Illinois to obtain an education. He became an African Methodist Episcopal church pastor and the principal of a school for blacks in Baltimore, Maryland.
Andrew Johnson- Johnson was more involved in the reconstruction while most of his ideas were shot down by congress and most vetos overruled by congress he had little say in what was happening
Ulysses s grant- was majorly involved in military reconstruction or radical reconstruction most of witch took place during his presidency he forced the kkk down and let blacks vote
Hayes- the era of reconstruction ended with the election of hayes
Three presidents from the era
Laws that were passed across the South in response to the civil rights acts of 1866 , restricting blacks’ freedom of speech, freedom of assembly, and legal rights, and outlawing unemployment, loitering, vagrancy, and interracial marriages. The codes were one of many techniques that southern whites used to keep blacks effectively enslaved for decades after the abolition of slavery.
The civil rights act of 1866- was the first United States federal law to define US citizenship and affirmed that all citizens were equally protected by the law. It was mainly intended to protect the civil rights of African-Americans,
Thirteenth amendment- abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime. In Congress, it was passed by the Senate on April 8, 1864, and by the House on January 31, 1865. It was ratified by the required number of states on December 6, 1865.
South joined the union after military reconstruction
Migration of blacks to the west caused by black people wanting there own land
Complete abolishment of slavery after the thirteenth ammendment
In the civil war trains were Steam powered meaning steam drove the rods that moved the wheels
the average speed of a train was 125km per hour making it the fastest way to get from place to place
most northern train tracks were owned by the government after lincoln learned the uses for trains in the war