Reconstruction of the South

by Austin Bateman

People

Andrew johnson- Andrew Johnson became president after the death of president Abraham lincoln johnson tried to follow lincolns plans for the south but was over ruled by the mostly republican congress


Oliver O. Howard served as chief commissioner of the Freedmen's Bureau at the request of President Johnson in May 1865. He was a Union general in the Civil War, and in 1867 he founded Howard University.


Hiram Revels was the first black citizen to be elected to the U.S. Senate. Born to free parents in Fayetteville, North Carolina, Revels had to go to Indiana and Illinois to obtain an education. He became an African Methodist Episcopal church pastor and the principal of a school for blacks in Baltimore, Maryland.

Hiram revels

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Reconstruction Presidents

Abraham Lincoln- Was involved at the start of the era of reconstruction but was killed shortly after it started


Andrew Johnson- Johnson was more involved in the reconstruction while most of his ideas were shot down by congress and most vetos overruled by congress he had little say in what was happening


Ulysses s grant- was majorly involved in military reconstruction or radical reconstruction most of witch took place during his presidency he forced the kkk down and let blacks vote


Hayes- the era of reconstruction ended with the election of hayes

Three presidents from the era

Reconstruction Laws

Black codes-

Laws that were passed across the South in response to the civil rights acts of 1866 , restricting blacks’ freedom of speech, freedom of assembly, and legal rights, and outlawing unemployment, loitering, vagrancy, and interracial marriages. The codes were one of many techniques that southern whites used to keep blacks effectively enslaved for decades after the abolition of slavery.


The civil rights act of 1866- was the first United States federal law to define US citizenship and affirmed that all citizens were equally protected by the law. It was mainly intended to protect the civil rights of African-Americans,


Thirteenth amendment- abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime. In Congress, it was passed by the Senate on April 8, 1864, and by the House on January 31, 1865. It was ratified by the required number of states on December 6, 1865.

Reconstruction effects

Blacks had more freedoms even tho in some places they were limited


South joined the union after military reconstruction


Migration of blacks to the west caused by black people wanting there own land


Complete abolishment of slavery after the thirteenth ammendment

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Transportation

The main ways of transportation during the reconstruction period was still horse-drawn carriages and trains at this point were still being used to move troops while under military reconstruction. Meaning troops needed to get from southern state to southern state


In the civil war trains were Steam powered meaning steam drove the rods that moved the wheels



the average speed of a train was 125km per hour making it the fastest way to get from place to place


most northern train tracks were owned by the government after lincoln learned the uses for trains in the war

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