By Spencer Miller and Sruthi Boppuri
Monosaccharides are simple sugars such as glucose, fructose, and galactose.
Some polysaccharides include starch, glycogen, and cellulose.
Examples of Carbohydrates
- Whole Grains
- Refined Grains
Common Functions of Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates spare the use of proteins for energy and breakdown fatty acids. They also regulate blood glucose levels and provide dietary fibers, flavor, and sweetness.
The main function of a carbohydrate is to provide energy. In order to do so, the structure of the molecule must be able to increase its length. Since a carbohydrate in a long chain structure, it allows the bio molecule to expand in length, which in return will store more energy.