Carbohydrates

By Spencer Miller and Sruthi Boppuri

Monomer: Monosaccharides

Monosaccharides are simple sugars such as glucose, fructose, and galactose.
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Polymer: Polysaccharides

Some polysaccharides include starch, glycogen, and cellulose.

Examples of Carbohydrates

  • Whole Grains
  • Legumes
  • Refined Grains

Functional Groups

  • Hydroxyl
  • Aldehyde
  • Ketone

Common Functions of Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates spare the use of proteins for energy and breakdown fatty acids. They also regulate blood glucose levels and provide dietary fibers, flavor, and sweetness.

The Structure

The main function of a carbohydrate is to provide energy. In order to do so, the structure of the molecule must be able to increase its length. Since a carbohydrate in a long chain structure, it allows the bio molecule to expand in length, which in return will store more energy.