What is Dwarfism
Dwarfism is when an individual person or animal is short in stature resulting from medical conditions, abnormal growth, and genetics. This genetic disorder is very noticeable, with adult height being under or on 4 feet 10 inches.
Causes of Dwarfism
Dwarfism is caused by a myriad of medical conditions including genetic mutation. During the genetic mutation, the father's sperm or the mother's eggs are at fault not just one parent can hold the dwarf gene. The growth hormone can also be caused by a growth deficiency.
Long Term Effects from Disorder
This genetic disorder can cause negative effects examples are not being able to develop bones, limited mobility at the elbows, genu varum ( bowed legs), lordosis ( swayed back), vision and hearing problems, clubfoot, and in the case of women hard or pregnancy or miscarriage.
Treatment for Disorder
Dwarfism has no treatment that will eventually lenghthen the human with the disorder. However, there are some ways that make lives easier for the dwarf. Such as insertion of a shunt to drain excess fluid and relieve pressure on the brain, physical therapy to strengthen muscles and increase joint range of motion, surgery to widen the spinal cord, and nutritional guidance excercise to help prevent obesity which can aggravate skeletal problems.