Chapter 15 Reforms 4/13/16

By-Ruben, Michael, Dora, Ricardo, Zack, and Demetrius p.3

Prison Reform and Temperance - Ruben Gonzalez

  • Dorothea Dix-A middle class reformer who helped change the prison system in the United States

  • Lyman Beecher-Spoke widely about the evils of alcohol

  • Temperance Movement-This social reform effort urged people to stop drinking hard liquor

  • Josiah Quincy-Boston mayor asked that young offenders be given different punishments than adult’

  • Prisons at the time were unregulated and unhygienic, with violent criminals housed side by side with the mentally ill

  • Inmates were often subject to the whims and brutalities of their jailers

  • filled with dramatic accounts of prisoners flogged, starved, chained, physically and sexually abused by their keepers, and left naked and without heat or sanitation

  • As a result of Dix’s efforts, funds were set aside for the expansion of the state mental hospital in Worcester

Definition of problem - Mentally ill people were often jailed with criminals.Some people protested the treatment of young offenders,children who committed crimes such as begging or stealing were treated the same as adult criminals. Also prisons were overcrowded and people wanted to end that and cruel conditions in prisons.Temperance-A number of reformers tried to prevent alcohol abuse.Many people believed that Americans were drinking liquor at an alarming rate.The average people consumption was 7 gallons a year.

Sources (type information here - flyer requirement #6)Call to Freedom Pg(462-464)

"Dorothea Dix - Google Search." Dorothea Dix - Google Search. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Mar.

2016.Http:// "Dorothea Dix- The Life of a Reformer." YouTube. YouTube, 22 Mar. 2015. Web. 22 Mar. 2016.

Women's Right's - Dora Tochimani

  • For Womens rights there were a great deal of leaders so there would be a few to mention.

  • Info: Sarah Grimke: published a pamphlet arguing about women’s rights, equal education opportunities, equal pay for work.

  • Sojourner Truth: Another powerful speaker for abolition and women’s rights. She was a confident speaker, recalled her experience as a slave. Challenged the audience to not think of women as the “weaker sex”.

  • Some people also thought that women did not have the physical or mental strength to survive without men’s protection.

  • Women took advantage of of better educational opportunities.

  • Women had spoken out for their right’s earlier. However, the Seneca Falls convention marked the first time that women in the United States organized as a group to promote their rights.

  • This convention was the first public meeting about women’s rights to be held in the United States

  • Angelina Grimke spoke and questioned about women’s rights and abolition.

  • Susan B. Anthony was largely responsible for turning the fight for women’s rights unto a political movement. She argued that women and men should have equal pay for work. Finally her amongst other leaders changed rights a little bit and made them kind of equal. Born on Feb. 15 Ad, Massachussets. After her Death she helped to have an advance on women's rights

Definition of problem - Women couldn’t vote, and had little control of property. This problem led to arguments and made one half of women furious and the other half of women just agreed that men were actually superior to men.

Sources (type information here - flyer requirement #6)

Citations: Winston, Holt Rinehart. "Holt McDougal Online." Holt McDougal Online. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2016. Chapter 15, Section 5 Page, 475 - 479

Education and the Common School Movement- by Tre Johnson

  • Horace Mann was the leading voice for education reform in the mid-1800s

  • Mann became the first secretary of education for Massachusetts in 1837

  • Most families in the United States believed education was important

  • did not expect their children to receive a great deal of formal schooling.

  • William lloyd Garrison the liberator became one of the most widely read abolitionist newspaper in the north .

  • Most children worked in factories and supported their families.

  • New England had the most schoolhouses, while the South and the West had the fewest

  • Teachers were men

  • The textbooks most often used in public schools in the mid-1800s were the McGuffey’s Readers.

  • William Holmes McGuffey, an educator and Presbyterian minister, put together these textbooks.

  • Rich people could send their children to private schools or hire private tutors.

  • poor children could only attend public school.

  • Girls could attend school, but parents kept them home more often than boys
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Nativists response to immigration. - Michael Krikorian

When over 4 Million immigrants came to America many people didn't like that, some people thought that they would steal there jobs and help have lower wages. Nativists were people who opposed the Immigration to America. There were lots of riots and protests about immigration and one group arose out of the conflict. This group was called the know nothing party they were a secret society, and they were highly against immigration. The Know Nothing Party was trying to get people against immigration, and keep immigrants out of America. This group was political and controlled Massachusetts for a short time, and they had very strict views on immigrants in America.
  • Many Immigrants came to America because Freedom, Plentiful Land, and Economic Opportunity

  • Immigrants are people who move from one country to another.

  • Nativists were people who opposed immigration. These people wanted to stir up an anti-immigration feeling in the public.

  • Know-Nothing Party was a Nativist group who wanted to keep immigrants out of public office. This was named Know-Nothing because when asked a question they would say “I know nothing”. Lastly they wanted immigrants to live in the United States for 21 years before being a citizen. This group had some political success and controled Massachussettes legislature for a short time.

  • Some reasons people came from Europe to America, Population Growth, Agricaltural changes, Crop Failure, Industrial Revolution, and Religous Chaos

Abolition- ZAck Spicer and Ricardo Rosas

  • 1830 was when people against slavery formed the movement to support kabolition

  • Emancipation- Through emancipation, all enslaved african americans would be freed from slavery

  • Abolitionists came from different backgrounds and wanted to ban slavery for different reasons

  • They formed a movement to support abolition or a complete end to slavery,in the United states

  • Some people thought that free african americans should be treated the same as white people, others opposed full social and political equality for african americans.

  • They spread the word of abolition by speaking tours, Newspaper articles, and pamphlets

  • The liberator- A newspaper to spread the word of abolition, became one of the most widely read abolitionist newspapers in the north

  • Frederick Douglass (1818-95) was a prominent American abolitionist, author and orator. Born a slave, Douglass escaped at age 20 and went on to become a world-renowned anti-slavery activist.

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