Le Sacré-Cœur

By: Chloe Calhoun

History

In 1914, Le Sacré-Cœur was built. It was the result of the Franco-Prussian War. France lost the war and Germans partially populated France. In December of 1870, Alexandre Legentil and Hubert Rohault de Fleury vowed to build a church dedicated to the Sacred Heart. On January 18th, 1870; the Archbishop of Paris approved the vow and not long after there was a public contest to decide the best plan for the construction. The architect Paul Abidie won the competition and not long after, the construction began. On November 20th, 1895; The 19 ton "Le Savoyarde" was donated to the Basilica. On the night of April 20th-21st, 1944; there was a bombing that blew out the stained glass windows of the Basilica. It was completed on October 17th, 1914.

The text of The Vow

“In the presence of the misfortunes that have befallen France and the greater misfortunes that perhaps still threaten her.
In the presence of the sacrilegious attacks committed in Rome against the rights of the Church and the Holy See and against the sacred person of the Vicar of Jesus Christ.
We humble ourselves before God and uniting in our love both Church and Fatherland, recognize that we have sinned and been justly punished.
And to make honorable amends for our sins and obtain through the infinite mercy of the Sacred Heart of Our Lord Jesus Christ pardon for our faults, as well as the extraordinary help that alone can deliver the Holy Pontiff from his captivity and put an end to the misfortunes of France, we hereby promise to contribute to the construction, in Paris, of a sanctuary dedicated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus.”

Facts

Length: 35 meters.

Width: 85 meters.

Height: 83 meters.

Materials: travertine stone.

Paul Abadie designed the Sacre Coeur in Romano-Byzantine style.

Five architects continued his work after his death in 1885 until completion in 1914.

It was painted many times.

The Sacre Coeur was not painted by the famous painters who lived in Montmartre

Class Presentation

Paris-Sacre Coeur's Bells
Le Savoyarde et The Carillon chiming

Le Savoyarde

  • Biggest bell in France
  • Casted by the Paccard bell foundry
  • They also made the Jeanne d'Arc and 54 copies of the Liberty Bell

Quick Info

  • Built in 1914
  • France lost the Franco-Prussian War
  • Two guys vowed to build a church
  • Their names were Alexandre Legentil and Hubert Rohault de Fleury
  • The architect Paul Abidie designed it
  • Later on there was the bombing that blew out the stained glass windows
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Paris (France) Travel - Sacre Coeur

What is so special about Montmartre and Le Sacré-Cœur

What is special about Le Sacré-Cœur and Montmartre is that from Montmartre you can see all of Paris from it.