What was the change?
Who were the people associated with the change?
He was a Renaissance mathematician and astronomer who proposed that the sun was stationary in the center of the earth. Copernicus became interested in an old Greek idea. He studied and studied for over 25 years then he realized that the stars, earth, and the other planets revolved around the sun. Copernicus's heliocentric, theory still did not completely explain why the planets orbited the way they did. He knew that most scholars would reject it because it was based on their religion. He did publish his finding until 1543 the year he died.
Brahe had an brilliant mathematician assistant by the name of Johannes Kepler who continued Brahe work. After studying his data he concluded that certain mathematical laws govern planetary motion. One of the laws show that the planets revolve around the sun in elliptical orbits instead of circles. Kepler's laws shows that Copernicus's basic laws were true. The demonstrated mathematically that the planets revolve around the sun.
He was an Italian scientist who build on the new theories about astronomy. When he was younger he learned that a man by the name of Dutch build an instrument. So Galileo build his own telescope and use it to study the heavens. He wrote a small book called ''Starry Messenger'' which talks about his observations. Galileo observations, and his laws of motion also supported the theories of Copernicus.
How did the change impact society at the time?
The Greeks did not only make substantial progress but also went beyond their predecessors in knowledge of the human body. Pre-Greek medicine was confined to their religion. In the 15th century B.C. a revolutionary change came about with the name of Hippocrates. Hippocrates and his school was influenced by the rise of natural philosophy. They first insisted that disease was a natural, not a supernatural, phenomenon. even maladies as striking as epilepsy, whose seizures appeared to be divinely caused, were held to originate in natural causes within your body.