Abnormal Psychology & Disorders

By: Sami Kottman

What is a psychological disorder?

Defined, broadly, as psychological dysfunction in an individual that is associated with distress, or is an impairment that is not culturally expected

The 3 D's of Abnormal Psychology

  • Deviant: behavior is different, extreme, unusual, or bizarre.
  • Distress: refers to the upsetting or unpleasant behavior of an individual
  • Dysfunctional : or disruptive, and can turn into danger where one hurts themselves
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What is the DSM?

The DSM is the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) that is a reference manual mental health professionals and physicians use to diagnose mental disorders in the United States.
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What are the important changes from the DSM IV to the DSM V?

  • Changes to the introduction
  • Changes to the self assessment section
  • Changes in how diseases are categorized
  • Changes to specific disorders: Autism, Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder, ADHD, PTSD, and other disorders.

Who is David Rosenhan's?

Basically, he is a psychologist.

He wrote a paper called "Being Sane in Insane Places."- about psychiatric facilities themselves. He sent people into the facility claiming to be mentally ill, and then to act normal once admitted.

He figured that they recognized mental illness as an irreversible condition, like a personality, inside of a curable illness.

Basically concluded, the way people are diagnosed is odd.

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Now entering the case study.....

Demi Lovato

She's experienced depression, self-harm, and an eating disorder, but today we'll be focusing on bipolar disorder.
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How and when was she diagnosed?

In 2011, she went to a treatment facility, and they diagnosed her with bipolar disorder.

How has it affected her life?

She had to come to realize it shan't control her life... it's simply a chemical imbalance. She knew she had problems, but she couldn't find herself to look for help.

She knows recovery takes time and patience, and it is different for everyone, but she believes that recovery is very possible.

Medication and Recovery

She takes a medication for bipolar disorder; it doesn't work for everyone, but it works for her.

She also is sure to check in with people around her and being honest about her feelings.

Books and Films involving Bipolar Disorder

  • A Fine Madness (movie)
  • Mad Love (movie)
  • Silver Linings Playbook (movie)
  • Next To Normal (musical)
  • Misery (movie)
  • The Hours (movie)
  • The Unquiet Mind (book)
  • Madness (book)
  • Welcome to the Jungle (book)

Other Famous People with Bipolar Disorder

  • Jim Carrey
  • Robert Downey Jr.
  • Ben Stiller
  • Tracy Ullman
  • Robin Williams
  • Tim Burton
  • Vincent Van Gogh
  • Buzz Aldrin
  • Jimi Hendrix
  • Edgar Allen Poe
  • Mark Twain
And many, many more....

Brief description and conclusion....

This has been a short and sweet infographic containing information regarding abnormal psychology and a short case study about Demi Lovato. Thanks for stopping by. :-)