Assessment for Learning

A Teacher's Guide to Student Success

Learning how to assess students effectively can be challenging, but doing so will benefit the teacher and the student inside the classroom. To prevent students from becoming frustrated and overwhelmed with the lesson being taught, the teacher should follow this quick guide to ensure student success in their classroom. This guide will help teachers assess their students productively and gives tips and strategies that will help students to get a clear understanding of what is to be learned.

Summative Assessment

Summative assessment is to determine a student's overall achievement level in a specific area of learning at a particular time. Summative assesments provide a summary of the information that students know, understand, or can do (Newman 2013).

Examples: Final exams or standardized tests

Formative Assessment

Formative assessment is used to inform future practice. Its goal is to improve teaching and learning. An assessment is considered formative when its information is fed back into the system and improves performance in some way. It is given during the instructional process and is immediately used to make adjustments to form new learning (Newman 2013).

Examples: Journals or quizzes

Key Strategies to Assess Students Effectivley

Strategy 1:

Clarifying, understanding, and sharing learning intentions

EX:The students understand and share the goals of the lesson.


Strategy 2:

Engineering effective classroom discussions, tasks and activities that elicit evidence of learning

EX: Students answer questions on a mini white board or raise their hand to only ask questions and not to give answers.


Strategy 3:

Providing feedback that moves learners forward

EX: The teacher can use the two stars and a wish method. Also, the students give feedback and the teacher uses the students work to plan and adjust the next lesson to meet the needs of the students.


Strategy 4:

Activating students as learning resources for one another.

EX: Students can demonstrate the lesson learned by using Green, yellow and red method. The students who are green can help the students who are red and the teacher helps the students who are yellow. Green~I understand, Yellow~ I'm having difficulties learning, Red~ I am lost


Strategy 5:

Activating students as owners of their own learning.

EX: The students use the C3B4ME method where it is the students job to check three resources before asking the teachers questions.

Rystad 2013

Collaborating Formative and Summative Assessments

The collaboration of summative and formative assessments can help teachers to create an effective classroom. Teachers are able to utilize formative assessments through out the year to create a vision of where the students currently stand. The teachers and students are able to get and give feedback immediately. Summative assessments helps the teacher to get an overall understanding of where the student stands. Summative helps to determine the grade that should be given at the end of a lesson. Using the five key strategies, summative and formative assessments will help students to become critical thinkers and find the solutions to problems on their own and with peers. The students can use the teacher only if necessary. This type of learning can create leaders inside the classroom.
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