Nicole D. 2nd Period


Vietnam is beautiful country that unknown to many people. There are many tourist attractions such as amazing rice fields and ancient buddhism temples to visit. Throughout the country side, there are remarkable rainforests and jungles to explore. Lastly, there are incredible beaches with inclusive resorts along the coast.

Vietnam is an unique since it has 3 distinct regions with different accents, cultures and traditions. In the north, Hanoi is the capital of Vietnam. It's a beautiful city with historic landmarks from the French Colonies. In the central, the major city is called Hue. The former King and his family used to lived in the palace. The palace is a popular tourist attraction. In the south, Hoi Chi Minh City is the largest city in Vietnam. There are many companies and skyscapers in the crowded downtown.

Vietnam is located in eastern side of Indochina in Southeast Asia. It is mostly agriculture country. It grows and exports many natural resources such as rice, coffee, seafood, crude oil, textiles, rubber, coal, pottery and furnitures. The current population of Vietnam is 87,840,000 and still growing. Vietnam is so beautiful and filled with a lot of wonders to be discovered. Come and visit the natural beauty.

Slogan : Vietnam Land of the Beauty

Geography and Climate


Vietnam's climate is complex. Even though the country lies entirely inside the tropics, its diverse range of latitude, altitude, and weather patterns produces gigantic climatic mixtures. North Vietnam, like China, has two seasons one is a cold, humid winter from November to April, with a warm, wet summer for the rest of the year. Summer temperatures average around 70 degrees Fahrenheit near 22 degrees, with occasional typhoons which keep things exciting. South Vietnam is warm year around. The hottest months is during March to May, when temperatures rise into the mid-90's. This is also the driest season in the south, followed by the April to October monsoon season. One half of Vietnam is covered by jungle-like rain forests. Around four-fifth of Vietnam is covered by trees and tropical vegetation. Vietnam has sandy beaches and grassy prairies and is also home of exotic species such as monkeys, elephants, wild boars, and tigers.

For a small country, about the size of Italy, Vietnam’s geography is remarkably varied. It has a sizeable mountain range in the northwest. Heavily forested uplands, which makes it look beautiful and extense limestone scenery with several areas of mature ‘Karst’ landscape. A Karst is an elevated central plateau, with two large river deltas and thousands of offshore islands. Although all this makes life difficult for 70% of the population that still work the land, it has great benefits for visitors. There are variety of landscapes such as lush green paddy patchworks, vertiginous mountain terracing, tea and coffee plantations, pepper and pineapple fields, salt pans, flood dykes and drainage canals. It's incredible how the people have adapted the land to agriculture with the beauty of the natural landscapes for the photographers’ attention.

From a visitor’s point of view, such geographical diversity is part of Vietnam’s attraction. Icy mountain streams and boiling hot mineral springs, sheer cliffs to challenge even the best rock climber, deep caves and underground rivers, many unexplored, serene freshwater lakes, white sand beaches – Vietnam has all this, and much more.

Vietnam’s wide range of fauna, flora and marine species places it in the top ten countries for the variety of its bio-diversity. Large National Parks, forests and marine coastal zones are home to some of the most endangered species in the world, and are often unique to Vietnam, many of these animals are not seen in other places like the United States. Elephants, tigers, rhinoceros, black bears, leopards, wild buffalo, primates, pythons and crocodiles are some of the larger species still living in remote areas. Vietnam's forests and wetlands are filled with birdlife and rare species. Aquatic and semi-aquatic species include large pelagic fish and mammals, such as dolphins, sharks, rays and the occasional whale. Turtles and dugongs visit some of the more remote islands in the south. Corals and marginal plant species such as mangroves and sea-grasses can be seen in many locations. Plant life varies from exotic trees in the mountain, cactus plants and pines in the dry central areas, dripping vines, exotic orchids and ancient trees in the primitive forests, and lush palms and fruits in the tropical south. Vietnam also lies on the coast line borders of the Gulf of Tonkin, the South China Sea, and the Gulf of Thailand so theat provides Vietnam with clean and fresh beaches to enjoy. With all this remarkable scenery, you will never forget Vietnam's beauty.

People and Culture

Vietnamese People

The origins of the Vietnamese people are a combination of the Mongol races of north and east Asia, with Chinese and Indian influences. The population is so big that only Indonesia surpass it by being Southeast Asia's most heavily populated country. Vietnamese make up about 90% of the population. About 85% of Vietnam's ethnic-minority population belongs to indigenous groups. They are the largest which consists of Thai and Hmong. They lived and settled in the mountainous regions of the country for many centuries. About 3% of the population is ethnic Chinese living in the urban centres of the South.


Vietnamese language reflects the country's unique mix of racial and cultural origins. It has been a Chinese province for over a millenium (111 BC-939 AD), most of the country's governmental, literary, and technical vocabulary comes from the Chinese language.
Though a writing system called Chunom, using partly modified Chinese characters, was developed in the 8th century. It was a French missionary in the mid-17th century who developed a system of spelling using the Roman alphabet that employed additional signs and several accents to indicate the tones.

Buddhism is undoubtedly the largest established religion, however Vietnam has a rich and wide variety of religions based on imported faiths and popular beliefs, with several groups embracing theism and ancestor worship. Catholicism, introduced by European missionaries, is the second largest religion, with about six million followers, and more than 6,000 churches.
Vietnam's domestic religions, including the Cao Dai and Hoa Hao sects, have their holy lands in the city of Tay Ninh and the provinces of Chau Doc and An Giang in the Mekong Delta. They peacefully coexist with one another and have contributed to the struggle against foreign aggression through the Vietnam. Visitors entering Buddhist pagodas are expected to remove their shoes and it is considered impolite to point feet, especially the soles, at people or statues of the Buddha. Donations to the upkeep of temples are not expected, but are received gratefully. Permission should be asked before taking photographs of people or in places of worship.

Vietnam's daily cuisine is rice or noodles with side dishes of fish, vegetables, egg rolls, and spring rolls. For dessert, there varies selections such as sweet sticky rice, and a shaved ice dessert with exotic fruits. Fruits and vegetables are a daily choice of food and snack. All of these things can be found at the local farmers market or street vendors. Everyday people go to the farmers market to buy fresh fruits and meat to prepare meals. There are many street venders around the corner of schools and businesses. Many parents purchases snacks for their child from a street venders. Adults often take breaks to eat breakfast and lunch before going back to work.


Vietnamese wear common clothing for everyday and traditional clothing for special occassions. Women wear long dresses and silk pants to high school, wedding, church or temple. Many men wear cotton and linen shirts with jeans. Boys wear their school uniforms to school and shirts with shorts or jeans. Girls wear uniforms to school and simple skirts, shirts, and jeans everyday. Because of the hot sun, many men and women wear cone shaped hats made out of leaves and bamboo to protect from the UV light and heat. Men, women, girls, and boys all have their traditional outfit when they wear it to temple or church, weddings, new years, and any celebration.

Government & Citizenship


The Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV) is the founding and ruling of political party of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. It maintains the unitary government and has centralized control over the state, military, and the media. All members are appointed by the coummunism party. The highest ranked member of the communist party, is Truong Tan Sang is the current president of Vietnam. The Central Committee delgates some of it's power to its Secretariat and the Politburo when they are not in session. The highest institution of the CPV is the party National Congress which elects the Central Committee. National Congress is the party's highest organ and is held every five years. The Central Committee is the most powerful since they are responsible for appointing the president, the chairman of the National Assembly and the prime minister, but the appointments have to be approved by the National Assembly.


Vietnam's communism helps everyone have equal rights. Everyone is treated equally regardless of a person's education, financial or social status. Everybody has to contribute by working to the country or they would't get paid. In order to be a citizen of Vietnam, you have to be born is here. Or you can either marry a Vietnamese citizen or get a temporary resident card with a work permit.


Education in Vietnam is divided into five levels. School uniform is required for all schools. There are preschool, primary school, secondary school, high school, and higher education such as college or university. Basic education is five years of education consists of first grade to fifth grade similar to elementary school in the US. Intermediate school is another four years of school for the sixth to ninth grade. Then, secondary school is another three years consist of tenth, eleventh and twelfth grade . Most basic education students are enrolled on half a day schedule. In order to attend secondary school and college, student must pass an entrance exam. This exam is called a IGE exam. You have to take an exam again to get into college. The college you go to is based on the ranking one your exam.

Justice System
Since Vietnam is a communist country, the laws are strict so there are not many crimes committed. All crimes are handled by the police or the military. Although the constitution provides for the independence of judges and jurors, there is close control of the entire governmental system by the Vietnamese Communist Party (VCP) and a judicial selection process which favors appointment of jurists supportive of the VCP. Prison sentences are frequently imposed through administrative procedures without the protections of procedural due process or judicial review.
Trials are generally open to the public. Defendants have the right to be present at the trial, to have an attorney, and to cross-examine witnesses. The legal system is based on communist legal theory and French civil law. Rising crime, including violent robbery and extortion, in the cities, plus endemic corruption and smuggling, provide challenges for under-funded law enforcement agencies and the criminal justice system


The economy of Vietnam is a developing planned economy and market economy. Since the mid-1980s, through the "Đổi Mới" reform period, Vietnam has made a shift from a highly centralized planned economy to a socialist-oriented market economy which use both directive and indicative planning. Over that period, the economy has experienced rapid growth in manufacturing and technology. Nowadays, Vietnam is in a period of being integrated into the global economy. Most Vietnamese enterprises are small and medium enterprises . Vietnam has become a leading agricultural exporter and served as an attractive destination for foreign investment in Southeast Asia.