Bessie coleman the Aviator
By Cedrica credit
Bessie Coleman early life
Bessie Coleman was born the tenth of thirteen children January 1892 in Atlanta, Texas. living with her parents, Susan and George Coleman, were sharecroppers. In 1901, George Coleman left in 1901, her brother George left his family to return to Oklahoma as her mother working as a cook/housekeeper.
After Bessie's completed eight grade of one-room school, yearning for more. She saved up her money then in 1910 she took her savings and enrolled herself in the colored Agricultural and Normal University in Langton, Oklahoma. she completed only one term before running out of money that she could return to Waxahachie.
At the age 12 she then attended the Missionary Baptist Church in Texas and, after graduating, embarked on a journey to Oklahoma to attend the Oklahoma Colored Agricultural and Normal University (Langston University), where she completed only one term due to financial constraints.
In 1915, at the 23, Coleman moved to Chicago, where she lived with her brothers and worked as a manicurist. Not long after her move to Chicago, she began listening to and reading stories of World War I pilots, which sparked her interest in aviation.
In 1922, was a time of both gender and racial discrimination, Bessie broke barriers and became the world's first black woman to earn a pilot's license. Because of flying schools in the United States denied her entry, she took it upon herself to learn French and move to France to achieve her goal. Only after seven months, Coleman earned her license from France's well known Caudron Brother's School of Aviation.
The though that she wanting to start a flying school for African Americans when she returned to the U.S., Coleman specialized in stunt flying and parachuting, and earned a living barnstorming and performing aerial tricks. In 1922, hers was the first public flight by an African- American woman in America.
How it all stated
After she became friends with several leaders in south side Chicago's African American community, she found a sponsor in Robert Abbott (1868–1940), publisher of the nation's largest African American weekly, the Chicago Defender. There were no African American aviators (pilots) in the area and, when no white pilot was willing to teach her to fly, Bess turned to Abbott, who suggested that she go to France. The French, he insisted, were not racists and were the world's leaders in aviation.
After Coleman left for France late in 1920. There she completed flight training at the best school in France and was awarded her Fédération Aéronautique international(F.A.I.; international pilot's license) license on June 15, 1921. She traveled Europe, gaining further flying experience so that she could perform in air shows.
Tragically, on April 30, 1926, Coleman was killed in an accident during a rehearsal for an aerial show which sent her plummeting to her death. She was only 34 years old.
Coleman remains a pioneer of women in the field of aviation.
Brave Coleman had three memorial services—in Jacksonville, Orlando, and Chicago, the last attended by thousands. She was buried at Chicago's Lincoln Cemetery and gradually, over the years following her death, achieved recognition at last as a hero of early aviation.