ASIA

China

CAPITAL OF CHINA


Capital is Beijing with a population of 20.69 million (2013)

GEOGRAPHY

China is a sovereign state located in East Asia.

CLIMATE: Varies dramamtically, from cold and dry in the North to steamy in the South.

PEOPLE

POPULATION: The population of China is estimated at 1.351 billion.


RELIGION: Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taosim have all played a part in shaping Chinas culture.


CUSTOMS/BELIEFS: In Chinese culture there are three central colours

RED: Symbolises the positive, Good luck.

BLACK: Symbolises dirt, sin and sadness, Negative.

WHITE: Harmony between red and black, Purity.

The Chinese believe in lucky numbers, numbers are believed to determine a persons fate.


LANGUAGES: The official language of China is Standard Mandarin.

ECONOMY

China has become the worlds fastest growing major economy and is also the worlds largest Exporter and Importer of goods.


CURRENCY: Renminbi


EDUCATION: Most schools in China run from 7:30 am to 5:00 pm with a 2 hour lunch break, the study language and maths, they also teach education- values and attiitudes believed to be important to all citizens. Most children live with their grandparents while their patents work.

ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES AND HEALTH

China suffers from severe environmental deterioration and pollution.

Air pollution is a severe health issue.

Water pollution is also becoming a severe threat, with over 40% of Chinas rivers polluted by industrial and agricultural waste.

Life expectancy at birth is 75 years of age.

Birth defects in China continues to rise, many blame Chinas severe pollution.

LIVING CONDITIONS

Contrasts between rural and urban, between the rich and poor.

Many Chinese people in the country areas have no access to safe drinking water and are quite poor.

Many in the city live in cramped conditions where disease is quick to spread due to the over population of the cities.

NATURAL RESOURCES

Coal, iron ore, petroleum, natural gas, mercury and tin.


AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS: Rice , wheat, corn, peanuts, pork, fish, apples, tea and cotton.

CUISINE

SIGNATURE FOODS:

Congee, a soupy rice porridge eaten anytime of the day, includes fish, yams or beans.

Jiaozi, dumpling filled with meat, fish or vegies.

FUN FACTS

The most important holiday in China is the Chinese New Year or Lunar New Year.


Ice cream was invented in China around 2000BC.


China is the fourth largest country in the world.


Red is considered a lucky colour in China.


Popular sports are Basketball, soccer and Ping Pong.


PLACES OF INTEREST INCLUDE: Terra Cotta Warriors, Great wall of China, Beijing Zoo, and K2 (large mountain)