Real Talk Times

Progressive era special- Report by Enrique Gonzalez-Diaz

Nation of non Sanitation

In the 1860's, garbage was thrown on the streets without second thought. Garbage piled on each on each other. This brought rats and cockroaches. This brought many diseases. Animals lay dead on the side of roads. The sanitation of this time was horrible and disgusting.

Saving Sanitaion

In 1866 New York's Board of Health declares a "War on garbage." This forbid the throwing of dead animals, garbage, and other things into the streets. What seemed impossible of cleaning was eventually cleaned. It took effort of individual people. People became street sweepers and swept away all garbage.

Child Labor

Children worked in factories. They were chosen because factory owners viewed them as more manageable, cheaper, and less likely to strike. Factory work was hard. Children had to work 12-18 hours a day, 6 days a week just to earn a dollar. Factories were often dark, damp, and dirty. Some children had to work underground in coal mines. The children that had to work didn't have time to play, and didn't get a lot of rest.

Saving the Children

Many people were outraged about the cruelty. In 1899, 28 states passed laws regulating child labor. In 1938 congress passed the Fair Labor Standards Act. This fixed age groups for the certain type of work.

Political Catroon

This cartoon shows Lincoln trying to distract lady liberty, who is asking for her 500,000 to not be send into battle. This cartoon is about in 1863, congress wanted to draft 500,000 to fight for the union. Lincoln signed the order.
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Pop Culture

Ellis island is huge at this time. This is where immigrants coming to the US had to pass through first. Here and Angel Island. At these islands, they would check immigrants for disease and such before they sent them into the US. Few cases they sent them back to there country. The US didn't do it much because it cost a lot of money to send them back.
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