Lung Cancer

By Tim Murphy and Tyler Mason

What is Lung Cancer

Lung Cancer is the rapid mutation and multiplication of cells within the lung and bronchi. There are two types of lung cancer, primary and secondary. Primary consists of small cell and non-small cell lung cancer and secondary cancer starts somewhere else in the body and moves its way into the lungs. Lung cancer is partly caused by smoking or even second hand smoking. It can be treated by chemotherapy and radiation therapy and experimental methods Lung cancer is only sometimes curable.

Getting Familiar with Lung Cancer

[English] MAKNA Getting to know Lung Cancer

How to Diagnose

A CT scan can reveal small lesions in your lungs that might not be detected on an X-ray. Sputum cytology. If you have a cough and are producing sputum, looking at the sputum under the microscope can sometimes reveal the presence of lung cancer cells. Tissue sample (biopsy).


  • A cough that does not go away;

  • Chest pain;

  • Shortness of breath;

  • Persistent hoarseness;

  • Swelling of the neck and face;

  • Significant weight loss that is not due to dieting or vigorous exercise, fatigue and loss of appetite;

  • Bloody or brown-colored spit or phlegm (sputum);

  • Unexplained fever; and

  • Recurrent lung infections, such as bronchitis or pneumonia.”

Treatment Options

When it comes to your options, the most popular are:

Radiation Therapy

This process uses high-emery rays to kill off the cancer cells. It can either be used as a primary treatment or used as a way to shrink tumors before surgery. This is either internal or an external process. The external process is minimally invasive while the internal process revolves around probes, needles and or wires being placed near the tumor.


This is one of the most popular treatment options as it is the least invasive. It is also one of the most uncomfortable. This therapy uses drugs to kill the cancer cells. These drugs can lead to nausea, pain and is the therapy that causes hair-loss. The medication will mistake certain cells for cancerous cells such as hair cells.


This process Is a surgical procedure in which the tumor/s will be located and removed to the fullest possible extent. How invasive is it? It depends on how much of the cancer has spread and how many tumors are present. This process only succeeds if all cancerous cells are fully removed.

There are many more options but the 3 listed above are the most common treatments.

There is Always Hope

Cancer is the most widespread disease among human beings. 1 in 4 people will die from cancer based on a recent statistic. Though those odds are not favorable, new treatment options are appearing every day, and although it will never be eliminated, we will always be in the fight against cancer.

Need Treatment?

If you are in the Amherst/Nashua area, St. Josephs hospital can take you in with its outstanding Oncology unit and kind staff.

Works Cited

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"Lung Cancer." Lung Cancer. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2015.

"Lung Cancer: Find Out About Stages and Early Symptoms." MedicineNet. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Dec.


"CT screening of unselected population tied to lower lung cancer mortality." Reuters Health Medical News

26 Oct. 2012. Science in Context. Web. 17 Dec. 2015.


“Cancer." The Gale Encyclopedia of Genetic Disorders. Ed. Laurie J. Fundukian. 3rd ed. Vol. 1. Detroit:

Gale, 2010. 245-255. Web. 17 Dec. 2015.


Thomas Jefferson University. "Lynchpin molecule for the spread of cancer found." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 13 July 2015. <>.

"Lung Cancer." Weblog post. What Is Lung Cancer. National Cancer Society, n.d. Web. 21 Dec. 2015.

"[English] MAKNA Getting to Know Lung Cancer." YouTube. YouTube, n.d. Web. 21 Dec. 2015.

"Redirect Notice." Redirect Notice. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Dec. 2015.

"Chemotherapy vs Radiation Therapy." - Difference and Comparison. Diffen, n.d. Web. 22 Dec.

2015. <>.

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Web. 22 Dec. 2015. <>.

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2015. <>.