The famous in the middle ages

William the Conqueror, King John, and Joan of Arc

William the Conqueror

Biographical Info

William the Conqueror was born in Falaise, France in 1027. He was the son of Robert I and Herleva. He became the first Norman king of England in 1066. He was a strong ruler of England. He died September 9, 1087.

Memorable Moments

While Harold, the king of England, went to deal with the king of Norway that invaded the north of England. William the Conqueror invaded the South and destroyed the Anglo-Saxon Army. On October 14, Harold was killed at the Battle of Hastings in 1066. In 1085, he created the Domesday Book. It was an official record of property holders that wields information on how much land they own.

Importance

William the Conqueror established feudalism to Europe. William was the master of the Norman church. He instituted numbers of designs to strengthen his hold on the throne.

King John

Biographical Info

King John's nickname was John Lackland. King John was born on December 24, 1166 in Oxford, England. He was son of King Henry II and Eleanor. His elder brother was Richard I. He was a unfair and cruel king. King John died October 19, 1216.

Memorable Moments

Before they had the Magna Carta, King John increased the taxes and he wasn't popular. King John was forced to sign the Magna Carta. This caused the development of a constitutional government. The Magna Carta gave rights to the people that he couldn't do anything about it after he signed it.

Importance

King John a device of changing fines to knights who refused to follow him.

Joan of Arc

Biographical Info

Joan of Arc was born in Domremy, France in 1412. She is the daughter of Jacques d'Arc and Isabelle Romée. Her brothers were Pierre d'Arc, Jean d'Arc, and Jacquemin d'Arc. She also had a sister named Catherine d'Arc. Joan of Arc was a french national hero. She died May 30, 1431.

Memorable Moments

She was made a saint in 1920. She led the French army against the English. After their victory, she was called "the Maid of Orleans." Even when she led the army, she never fought. She was sentenced to death for being accused of witchcraft. She was burned on a stake.

Importance

Joan of Arc escorted King Charles to the cathedral in Rheims. She gained King Charles' trust after a series of test. She stays in battle until they have won victory.

Rose Vuong