President Truman Drops Atomic Bombs

Japan Left in Ruin

Warning of Imminent Destruction

President Truman warned Japan of future destruction, if they did not immediately surrender. Truman made this difficult decision because he did not want his soldiers to endure an even more difficult battle than those of Iwo Jima and Okinawa. Even though the United States won those battles, the Japanese army was still very strong. Truman knew the U.S. would suffer too many casualties if they invaded Japanese mainland, so he decided to drop the atomic bombs over Hiroshima and Nagasaki.


On August 6, 1945, President Truman ordered a B-29 Bomber to drop an atomic bomb over Hiroshima, an important military center. This B-29 Bomber was named Enola Gay and it dropped an atomic bomb that was equal to 15,000 tons of TNT! The atomic bomb was code-named "Little Boy". This bomb destroyed buildings, citizens, and land within 45 seconds. "Little Boy" was so powerful that upon dropping the bomb, people were nearly immediately turned to dust.

President Truman warned Japan of this destruction if they did not surrender. Japan chose not to surrender so they had to suffer the destruction of "Little Boy" and "Fat Man".


Three days later, on August 9, 1945 President Truman made the decision to drop the second atomic bomb, code-named "Fat Man" over Nagasaki. Again, total destruction took place and hundreds of thousands of people died or were poisoned with radiation, which would later give them cancer.


Emperor Hirohito was horrified by the destruction the bombs caused. "I cannot bear to see my innocent people suffer any longer." (Hirohito, 1945). Hirohito called for an immediate surrender to the United States. Finally the war in the Pacific was over and the soldiers could return home to their families.
Big image