The Constitution of the U.S.

created by Alex Munoz

Checks and Balances

The Constitution made a government with three different branches: the Executive branch, Judicial branch, and the legislative branch. It made sure that power would not be in one place like the British King. It split the power between the three branches by not letting each branch use its power without it being approved by the others. Each branch has some power over the others and they must work together. This prevents corruption and too much power. One example of this is how bills are passed into law and how the president of judges can be impeached meaning removed.

I'm Just a Bill

The Three Branches of Government

The three branches of government are the executive, legislative, and judicial. The executive branch is the president. The president is the commander in chief so they control the military. They deal with other countries, can make treaties, and pass or veto laws. The president can only be the president for four years in one term and if re-elected another four years. They live in the White House. The legislative branch is the congress which can make laws, control trade, control taxes, borrow money, declare war. It has two parts: the Senate and House of Representatives. The judicial branch is the supreme court and smaller courts that decide if something is constitutional and apply laws to situations. The Supreme Court's judges are chosen by the president and and the senate must approve it. Then they are judge until they retire or die.
BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT

Senate and House of Reprsentatives

The Senate and House of Representatives are part of the legislative branch. The states with more people have more representatives in the House of Representatives but each state has two members in the Senate. The Senate can remove the president with a vote and reject a president's veto.

Preamble

The Preamble is the first sentence of the Constitution. It says "We the People of the United States, in order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America." It means the U.S. citizens believed they were not separate states but a whole. "Union" means this document would link all the states and people together with a government. It shows they value liberty and unity. They want to protect and care everyone and create fairness and peace.
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Background of the Constitution

The Constitution was created in 1787 after the United States broke away from Britain and it replaced the Articles of Confederation. It was a constitution written by a group of men in a meeting in Philadelphia. The writers included James Madison, Benjamin Franklin, George Washington and others. It was approved by most of the 13 states. It did not have the Bill of Rights but that was passed later. The document was written because the people wanted an organized government.
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State and Central Government

State governments control schools, police departments, and all other local things that the central government does not. Each state has its own constitution and has three branches like the central government. Its executive branch is the governor who is elected by citizens and also includes other leaders. Its legislative branch is a group of representatives that make laws about different things like taxes and state budgets. Its judicial branch has a state supreme court and other smaller courts. State governments are very similar to the central government but the central government rules the entire country not just one state. The powers not given by the Constitution to the central government are for the states and people.