Conflicts in the Middle East

The Israeli- Palestinian Conflicts

Israel Becomes a State

Today, Palestine is the West Bank, Israel, and the Gaza Strip. The Jews said the land had been theirs for the past 3000 years. Palestinians say the land is theirs since they kicked the Jews out in 135 AD. After the second world war, the United Nations had a vote to split Palestine into two parts. The two parts were an Arabic State and a Jewish State. Jerusalem was on neither side.

Israel and Arab States in Conflict

Israel was invaded by the Arabs the day after it was created. Israel was victorious after a few months. Israel took the land that the United Nations planned to give to the Palestinians. Israel won all of the conflicts and kept getting bigger and stronger. The conflicts continued. There was the 6 Day War in 1967. From this war, Israel got Jerusalem, the West Bank, the Golan Heights, and the Sinai Peninsula. In 1973 Anwar Sadat and his Egyptian troops attacked Israel on Yom Kippur. Since the Palestinians were struggling, they created the Palestine Liberation Organization. The leader of this group was Yasir Arafat.

Efforts at Peace

In 1978, President Jimmy Carter invited Anwar Sadat and Menachem Begin to Camp David. Camp David was the presidential retreat in Maryland. This was for Sadat and Menachem to find a peace agreement. After 13 days of negotiating, Carter said that Egypt recognized Israel as a state. Israel also agreed to give back the Sinai Peninsula to Egypt. In 1978, the Camp David Accords stopped 30 years of hostility. In 1987, The Palestinians started to express their anger with the Intifada, or 'uprising". The Intifada was like boycotts and violent attacks. They attacked the Israelis. In 1993, The Oslo Peace Accords agreement was signed. The Oslo Peace accords were secret talks in Oslo, Norway. At this time, the Prime Minister of Israel was Yitzhak Rabin. Rabin was later succeeded by Benjamin Netanyahu. Netanyahu did not like the Oslo Peace Accords.