Dockter's Railroad Incorperated

The Best Railroad Around!!

History of the Railroad


Railroads played a large role in the development of the United States from the industrial revolution in the North East 1810–50 to the settlement of the West 1850–1890. The American railroad mania began with the Baltimore and the Ohio Railroad in 1828 and flourished until the Panic of 1873 bankrupted many companies and temporarily ended growth.

Advantages

It is the least affected by weather so you wouldn't need to have delayed leaving time. It is the best organized than any other way of transportation. The weight of the luggage does not matter. It is very safe to travel to travel on because it is extremely rare to have a derailment. It can carry the most out of all transportation.

Disadvantages

It costs a lot of money to lay and fix track. Another disadvantage is the inflexibility. Rail transport cannot provide door to door service as it is tied to a particular track. Intermediate loading or unloading involves greater cost, more wear and tear and wastage of time.


Inventors


The railroad was first developed in Great Britain. A man named George Stephenson successfully applied the steam technology of the day and created the world's first successful locomotive. The first engines used in the United States were purchased from the Stephenson Works in England.

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How it impacted the U.S.

Beginning in the early 1870s, railroad construction in the United States increased dramatically. Prior to 1871, approximately 45,000 miles of track had been laid. Between 1871 and 1900, another 170,000 miles were added to the nation's growing railroad system. Much of the growth can be attributed to the building of the transcontinental railroads. In 1862, Congress passed the Pacific Railway Act, which authorized the construction of a transcontinental railroad. The first such railroad was completed on May 10, 1869. By 1900, four additional transcontinental railroads connected the eastern states with the Pacific Coast.



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Importance of the Railroad in the US

No invention of the 1800's played a more vital role in the Industrial Revolution than the steam locomotive and railroad, triggering the biggest leap in transportation technology in history. The technology central to railroads, the steam engine, needed two major improvements. First of all, a way had to be found to convert the oscillating motion of the steam engine to rotary motion so it could drive the locomotive's wheels. The solution came with James Watt's Sun and Planet gear, which connected the piston to the wheels somewhat off center to drive it forward. Secondly there was a need for stronger iron so boilers could create and withstand the pressure needed to drive steam locomotives. In 1783, the rolling and puddling process was invented, eliminating impurities in the iron and making it much stronger. In addition to creating much stronger boilers, it also led to stronger and cheaper iron rails on which the locomotives could ride.
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railroads of 1800's

Dockter's Railroad Incorporated

The Best Railroad Around