CANADA AND GREECE: 2014 VS. 2040
What will Persist? What will Change?
What is this Flyer For?
A Glimpse at Canadian Immigration: 2014 and 2040
A Glimpse at Canadian Demography: 2014 and 2040
Greece Compared to Canada: Immigration
Current Pull Factors of Canada Include:
- free health care and education
- a strong and sustainable economy
- a peaceful and accepting environment
Current Push Factors of Canada Include:
- harsh weather, especially in winter, in some areas of the country
- problems in housing affordability
- underemployment, especially for new immigrants
Current Pull Factors of Greece Include:
- desirable weather year round
- one of the least polluted countries in the world
- cost of living is low; many things are affordable
Current Push Factors of Greece Include:
- substantial costs linked with purchasing property
- houses can be challenging to sell
- serious water shortages, mainly in the summer
Greece's weather is what attracts people into the country while Canada's tends to push people out. Greece has water shortages at some periods during the year while Canada doesn't usually have to face this complication since we have an abundance of it. In fact, our stock of natural resources also brings people, usually those looking to open a business in dealing with resources, into the country. Both nations share a similarity of problems in the real estate industry. Renting or buying accommodation is Canada is expensive and in Greece, it's difficult to sell homes. Also, when you buy property or housing in either country, you may have to pay expensive fees associated with the purchase.
Regarding the push and pull factors of both countries, they would remain, more or less, as is in 2040 with the exception of Greece's push factors. People would still immigrate to Greece because of the scenery and culture as well as preferable weather. Some may wish to set up businesses related to tourism and historical museums.
Push Factors of Greece in 2040:
- economy will continue to collapse
- considerable issues with the environment
- cost of living may get expensive in coming years
Greece is already facing many economical issues such as unemployment, corruption, and government overspending. If these problems stay in Greece's hands, their economy will continue to worsen. To help maintain the economy, the government may decide to ask the Greeks to pay more for their basic needs (opposed to the present situation) and different environmental concerns, such as pollution, may rise.
Greece Compared to Canada: Demographics
Canada in 2014
- population will increase by 276,297 people, or by 0.79%
- natural increase of 79,935 people
- net migration of 196,362
- growth rate of 1.14% which is higher as compared to recent years
- median age of 40.2 years
- fertility rate of 1.59 children/woman
- 15.3% of the population is over the age of 65
Greece in 2014
- population will increase by 9,207 people, or by 0.08%
- natural increase of -16,529 people
- net migration of 25,375
- growth rate of 0.12% which is a significantly higher rate compared to recent years
- median age of 43.5 years
- fertility rate of 1.41 children/woman
- 20.1% of the population is over the age of 65
Canada in 2040
- population will increase by 376,000 people
- natural increase of 76,000 people
- net migration of 300,000 people
- growth rate of 1.25%, higher than what it is currently
- median age of 43 years
- fertility rate of 1.20 children/woman
- 24.3% of the population will be over the age of 65
Greece in 2040
- population will decrease by 20,500 people
- natural increase of -15,500 people
- net migration of -5,000
- growth rate of -0.30, much lower than what it is currently
- median age of 50 years
- fertility rate of 1.10 children/woman
- 29.2% of the population will be over the age of 65
Unlike Greece, Canada is will add hundreds of thousands of people to the country by the end of 2014. Greece will only add only 9.2 thousand people. In 2040, Greece's population will actually decrease, giving the two nations a colossal difference of 626,500 people in terms of population increase. This accounts for Canada's higher population increase, natural increase, net migration, and growth rates. Greece's population is aging faster than Canada's, resulting in a higher median age, minutely lower fertility rate, and a larger percentage of the Greek population are seniors as compared to Canada. This will reign true in 2040 as well.
Why Will These Changes Occur in 2040?
Canada will jump from a net migration of 196,362 to 300,000 people, meaning Canada will accept an additional 103,634 people in 2040. This expansion in immigration will contribute to Canada's population growth. Compared to the data of 2014, the median age will increase by 2.8 years, women will be having fewer children in the future, and 24.3% of the entire population will be over 65 years old, an added 9% to the current prevailing 15.3%. These demographics are consequences of Canada's aging population.
Right now, only immigration is what's allowing Greece's population to increase but this is scheduled to change. As stated before, Greece's population will continue to decrease. In 2040, Greece will lose about 20,500 people. This is because Greece will have a higher number of deaths than births, similar to how the situation is currently. More people will emigrate from Greece than immigrate to the country. These factors are what will result in the country's low net migration rate, which will reduce by 37,375 people, and natural increase rate, which will reduce by 1,029 people. The Greek population will continue to get older, causing the country's median age to be 50 years old, 6.5 years higher than the median age of 2014, and a lower fertility rate. Lastly, 29.2% of the population will be over the age of 65, an increase of 9.1%.
Greece's Population Trends
As depicted in this graph, Greece's population will gradually decrease, resulting in a smaller population in 2040 compared to 2014.
Canada's Population Trends
Canada's population has been increasing ever since and will continue to, resulting in a larger population at the end of each year when compared to the last. 2040's population will be greater than 2014's.
Greece's Population Trends
Greece's Population Pyramid (2040)
In 2040, about 29% of Greece's population will be composed of those over 65 years old. Half the population will be over 50 years old while the other half will be younger than 50.
Canada's Population Pyramid (2040)
In 2040, the elderly will be occupying 24.3% of the total population of Canada. Half of the population will be over the age of 43 while the other half will be younger than 43.
Greece's Population Pyramid (2040)
What Will Greece's Future Hold?
How Will Canada's Increasing Population Affect Us?