Vegetation- Arctic Tundra

Russia

Characteristics

Its a very windy area. With very little precipitation. (6-10 Inches.)

Summer season usually has the max precipitation. Long, cold winters and cool summers.

The ground is permanently frozen, nothing can penetrate it, not even water. During the summer, the permafrost layers thaws away, this layer is called the active layer. During the summer, the active layer is flooded with water. Depending on the latitude, the sun can remain below the horizon for up to 2 months, leaving the Arctic Tundra in darkness. Not many animals live around the Arctic Tundra. Its the worlds youngest biome. The Artic Tundra is practically a desert. Ice sheets can range anywhere from 10 inches, to 3 feet. The average anual temperature is -70 degrees. There is barely any vegetation and the Arctic Tundra only holds about 1,700 different other species, 400 plants or flowers, and no trees. There is a very short growing season (50-60 days). Most plants grow in dense mat roots which have been around for thousands of years.

5 Themes of Geography

Location- 55* and 70* North, Located all in the northern part of the earth.

Human Environmental Interractions- There a lot of miners in this area of the Arctic Tundra, they create a lot of pollution and damage the very fragile environment. There also is very little population per square mile, so people dont move around as much as the United States does.

Region- The Arctic Tundra covers over 3.3 million square miles. North America, Europe, Greenland and Russia all cover this Biome.

Place- It is a very hostile place and cold almost every second of every year, very scarce amounts of mammals and plants. There are no trees, and the plants there grow off of roots thousands of years old.

Movement- Not a lot of movement goes on in the Arctic Tundra, there are some towns that trade with one another, but it takes days to get to its location, and towns and villages are relavtively very small. The production of fish is also sent out to other locations around the world. This is the only big product that the Arctic can really produce and ship to other places.