Canada in 2060
Canada's Future is Closer than We Think
Predicting the Future
Immigration of Canada - Current
Push and Pull Factors
- Absence of human rights
- Religious Persecution
- Natural Disasters
- Poor economic opportunities
- Poor educational opportunities
- Free health care
- Supportive of the LGBTQ community
- Democratic government
A big portion of the foreign-born population mainly lives in four provinces:
- British Columbia
Within these provinces, they mostly live in the larger urban areas such as Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver.
Within the past decade, almost 2,155,000 immigrants arrived in Canada. More than half of the immigrants arrived between 2006 and 2011, reaching a number of 1,162,900 within those 5 years. As the amount of immigrants continue to increase, there appears to be no signs of it stopping.
Canada's Top 10
6. United Kingdom
8. South Korea
Among the 1,162,900 immigrants that arrived between 2006 and 2011, 56.9%; about 661,600 people, came from Asia. Within these 5 years, Asia was Canada's largest supply of immigrants and continues to be today.
Immigrant Workers and the Downside
Increase in Immigrants
Future Immigration of Canada
When the baby boomer generation retires, thousands of job openings will occur, giving many job opportunities for immigrants. Also, once a big part of Canada's work force is gone due to retirement, the job spots need to be filled. If there is a lack of workers in Canada, this will result in a descend in the economy. This could lead to higher taxes and higher prices.
In 2060, a portion of the baby boomer generation will pass away. This will add on to the death rate of Canada. I assume that the birth rate will already be quite low at this time as it has already been making a gradual decrease for the past 5 years. This will make Canada enter stage 5 on the DTM, meaning that the population will decrease. Due to this, Canada will become dependent on the immigration rate to allow the population to continue to grow at a healthy level.
For these reasons, the immigration rate will also heavily increase. As the common provinces for immigrants to live in are Ontario, British Columbia, Quebec, and Alberta, the populations of these specific areas will become very dense and crowded. This will result in immigrants moving to other provinces, spreading more diversity throughout Canada. I would predict that the immigrants would go to Manitoba or Saskatchewan as they are less populated and the Maritimes may be too unfamiliar for them.
The Demographic Situation of Canada - Current
The Birth Rate
The Death Rate
In a census taken a little over a year ago, it was determined that the top 10 ethnic groups in Canada were:
9. First Nations
Future Demography of Canada
The death rate will heavily increase when the baby boomer generation passes away. This age group is an outlier to the rest of Canada, meaning that the death rate of this generation will be far different from the data of previous years as well. Decreasing the birth rate and increasing the death rate will bring Canada into stage 5.
Also, Canada's immigration will continue to grow stronger, causing urban areas to become even more diverse.
The Situation of the Aboriginals in Canada - Current
Aboriginals Populated throughout Canada
2. British Columbia
7. Newfoundland and Labrador
8. Nova Scotia
10. New Brunswick
11. Northwest Territories
13. Prince Edward Island
Increasing Population of Aboriginals
- First Nations are 3 times more likely to have type 2 diabetes
- Chances of having heart disease is 1.5 times higher
- Infection of Tuberculosis is 8 to 10 times higher
- 25% of women stop their education due to pregnancy
- Discovered in a 2006 census, 60% of on reserve First Nations did not complete/graduate from high school
- Determined by a 2006 census, 26% of métis did not complete/graduate from high school
- Lack of plumbing
- Lack of electricity
- Poor insulation
Crowding was a huge problem that occurred to portions of all three aboriginal groups. This was a cautious problem as crowding can cause an increased risk of infections and injuries, violence and family tension.
- Childhood abuse
- Past attendance at a residential school
Future of the Situation with the Immigrants
Already in this video, it shows that a Canadian organization is being kind to aboriginals. After a flood had occurred and destroyed 200 homes at Siksika First Nation, TransCanada helped out by donating $50,000 to purchase resources that would help the First Nations group. This shows that Canada understood one of the dangers that a First Nations group faced and that they needed help. If Canadians are already starting to help out aboriginals today, then they will for sure be more accepting of them in 2060, thus supporting my prediction.
My Life in 2060
Canada in 2060 by Jamie Ling
Let it Happen
"Immigration and Ethnocultural Diversity in Canada." Immigration and Ethnocultural Diversity in Canada. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Mar. 2015. <http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/as-sa/99-010-x/99-010-x2011001-eng.cfm#a2>.
"Our Voices | First Nations, Métis, Inuit, GBA Toolkit." Our Voices | First Nations, Métis, Inuit, GBA Toolkit. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2015. <http://www.aboriginalgba.ca/category.aspx?catid=137&rt=2>.
"List of Canadian Provinces and Territories by Population." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2015. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Canadian_provinces_and_territories_by_population>.
"Canadians in Context - Aboriginal Population." / Indicators of Well-being in Canada. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Mar. 2015. <http://www4.hrsdc.gc.ca/.3ndic.1t.4r@-eng.jsp?iid=36>.