Rock 'n' Roll

By Kate Ruiter

Diamonds

Diamonds were formed inside the earth. Thousands of years ago under extreme heat and pressure. This extreme heat and pressure in the earth transformed the carbon into crystals and turned it colorless. Although diamonds formed deep in the earth and the volcanic activity is what brought them to the surface. The carbon atoms crystallize forming diamonds.


Finding out how Diamonds are valued

All diamonds are valued by their Cut, Color, Clarity, and Carat weight.

Cut, Color, and Clarity are used to measure the quality of the diamond and then use Carat, which is used to measure the size of the diamond.

How are diamonds are mined?

Diamond are mined in tunnels deep under the ground. They are taken out with a mine shaft to the pipe. Elevators take the rocks aboveground, where it is then processed into a cut Diamond.

Worlds largest Diamond

The Cullinan diamond is the largest rough gem-quality diamond ever found, at 3,106.75 carats. The largest polished gem from the stone is named Cullinan.

Facts on Diamonds

  • Did you know that most diamonds that are found are not suitable to be used as jewellery?
  • Diamonds are also the hardest substance on this earth.
  • Diamonds also have the highest melting point of any natural substance.
  • Diamonds are rock hard and almost fire proof. Therefore, in order to make it burn, it needs to be heated to 1292 degrees Fahrenheit.