Historical Magazine

Scott Harman, Dawson Arrington

Battle of Anteitam

The Army of the Potomac, under the command of George McClellan, mounted a series of powerful assaults against Robert E. Lee’s forces near Sharpsburg, Maryland, on September 17, 1862. This assault and the vicious Confederate counter attacks.

Later, towards the center of the battlefield.


Dawson Arrington

Battle of Gettysburg

The Battle of Gettysburg, fought from July 1 to July 3, 1863, is considered the most important engagement of the American Civil War. After a great victory over Union forces at Chancellorsville, General Robert E. Lee marched his Army of Northern Virginia into Pennsylvania in late June 1863.


Scott Harman

Battle of Chikamagua

After the successful Tullahoma Campaign, Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans continued the Union offensive, aiming to force Gen. Braxton Bragg’s Confederate army out of Chattanooga.Fighting began in earnest on the morning of the 19th near Chickamauga Creek. This was also the largest battle fought in Georgia.


Scott Harman

Emancipation Proclamation

President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, as the nation approached its third year of bloody civil war. Theproclamation declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free."


Dawson Arrington

Union Blockade

The Union blockade in the American Civil War was a naval strategy by the United States to prevent the Confederacy from trading. Another name for this was the anaconda plan. Although the Confederacy eventually found a way past it through Blockade Runners.


Scott Harman

Sherman's Atlanta Campaign

In the summer of 1864, during the U.S. Civil War (1861-65), Union General William T. Sherman faced off against Confederate generals Joseph E. Johnston and John B. Hood in a series of battles in northern Georgia. He then went to Savannah after he burned the city to the ground.


Dawson Arrington

Sherman's March to the Sea

From November 15 until December 21, 1864, Union General William T. Sherman led some 60,000 soldiers on a 285-mile march from Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia. The purpose of this “March to the Sea” was to frighten Georgia’s civilian population into abandoning the Confederate cause. Sherman’s soldiers did not destroy any of the towns in their path, but they stole food and livestock and burned the houses and barns of people who tried to fight back. The Yankees were “not only fighting hostile armies, but a hostile people,” Sherman explained; as a result, they needed to “make old and young, rich and poor, feel the hard hand of war.”


Dawson Arrington/Scott Harman

Andersonville

This was a confederate owned war camp. This camp held union POW's. The prison couldn't handle all of the men in the prison. The Camp Sumter military prison at Andersonville was one of the largest Confederate military prisons during the Civil War. During the 14 months the prison existed, more than 45,000 Union soldiers were confined here. Of these, almost 13,000 died here. Today, Andersonville National Historic Site is a memorial to all American prisoners of war throughout the nation's history.


Dawson Arrington/Scott Harman