Webpage Assignment

sogiology

Translation - English to Icelandic

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Divorce takes health toll that remarriage can't heal, study says

Divorce causes more than bitterness and broken hearts. The trauma of a split can leave long-lasting effects on mental and physical health that remarriage might not repair, according to research released this week.

"People who lose a marriage take such damage to their health," said Linda Waite, a sociologist at the University of Chicago in Illinois.

Waite and co-author Mary Elizabeth Hughes, of Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, found that divorced or widowed people have 20 percent more chronic health conditions such as heart disease, diabetes or cancer than married people. They also have 23 percent more mobility limitations, such as trouble climbing stairs or walking a block.

Their article, published in the Journal of Health and Social Behavior, examined the marital history and health indicators for 8,652 middle-aged people in research funded by the National Institute on Aging. The authors found differences between the overall health of those who remain married and those who divorce.

Almost half of all U.S. marriages end in divorce, according to the National Institutes of Health.

"Losing a marriage or becoming widowed or divorced is extremely stressful," Waite said. "It's financially, sometimes, ruinous. It's socially extremely difficult. What's interesting is if people have done this and remarried, we still see, in their health, the scars or marks -- the damage that was done by this event.

Divorced people "have more chronic conditions, more mobility limitations, rate their health as poorer than people like them in age, race, gender, education who've been married once and are still married," Waite said

Translation

Skilnaður tekur ákeðið heilsustökk sem endurgifting getur ekki lagað segja rannsóknir

Skilnaður veldur mun meira bara biturleika og brotin hjörtu. Áverkarnir eftir skilnað geta skilið eftir sig langvarandi áhrif á andlega og líkamlega heilsu einstaklings sem endurgifting getur ekki lagað samkvæmt rannsókn sem var birt í þessari viku.

“Fólk sem verður fyrir skilnaði taka svo mikinn skaða á heilsu sína” sagði Linda Waite, félagsfræðingur í Uni of Chicago í Illinois.

Waite og samstarfshöfundur hennar Mary Elisabeth Hughes í John Hopkins Bloomberl school of public health. Fundu úr að skilið folk eða ekkjur eru 20% líklegri til þess að vera með eða fá langvarandi sjúkdóma, svo sem Hjartasjúkfóma, sykursýki eða krabbamein heldur en gift folk.Þau eru einnig um 23% lklegri til að hafa hreyfi örðugleika eins og finnast það erfitt að labba upp tröppur eða stuttan göngutúr.

Greinin þeirra sem var brit í The Journal of Health and social behavior, rannsökuðu hjúskapar sögu og heilsu á 8.653 miðaldra fólki stofnað af The National institute on Aging. Höfundarnir komust að þeirri niðurstöðu um hver heilsa þeirra sem voru giftir og þeir sem voru ekki gifitr væri.

Næstum því helmingur af hjónaböndum í bandaríkjunum enda með skilnaði, samkvæmt National Instututes of health.

“Fólk sem missir hjónaband, verða ekkjur eða skilja eru mjög stressuð.” Sagði Waite. “það er fjárhagslegt, stundum eyðileggjandi. Það á mjög erfitt félagslega. Það er merkilegt að folk sem endurgiftir sig það er ennþá hægt að sjá örin eða merki um það að þau hafi oriðið fyrir þessum missi.

Fólk sem er skilið “hafa frekar langvarandi aðstæður, meiri hreyfanleika takmarkanir, heilsa þeirra er lakari ein heilsa fólks á sama aldri, kynþætti, kyni, menntun sem hefur verið gist einu sinni og eru enn gift.” Sagði Waite.


I chose this text because I found it interesting that not all people can recover from divorce and it striked me that people have chronic conditions. I find it remarkable that people can stay married to one man, their whole life and have healthier life than the one who get divorced.

Translation - Icelandic to English

Fjöldi Íslend­inga flyt­ur úr landi

Útlit er fyr­ir að þetta ár verði ár eins mesta brott­flutn­ings ís­lenskra rík­is­borg­ara á síðari tím­um.

Þannig fluttu 3.120 ís­lensk­ir rík­is­borg­ar­ar frá land­inu á fyrstu níu mánuðum árs­ins, eða um 1.130 fleiri en fluttu til lands­ins á tíma­bil­inu, að því er fram kem­ur í um­fjöll­un um mál þetta í Morg­un­blaðinu í dag.

Sam­kvæmt gagna­grunni Hag­stofu Íslands hafa brott­flutt­ir ís­lensk­ir rík­is­borg­ar­ar um­fram aðflutta aðeins verið mark­tækt fleiri í fimm skipti síðan árið 1961. Það var árin 1970, 1995 og 2009 til 2011.

Það ein­kenn­ir þessi ár að þau komu í kjöl­far kreppu­ára á Íslandi.

Þannig kem­ur fram í grein­ingu Seðlabank­ans að krepp­an árin 1968-69 hafi byrjað með efna­hags­sam­drætti í kjöl­far afla­sam­drátt­ar. Árin 1989-94 voru erfiðleika­skeið sem hófst með sam­drætti í afla, einkum þorskafla. Kreppu­ár­in 2009-11 komu í kjöl­far efna­hags­hruns­ins 2008. Nú er hins veg­ar upp­gang­ur á Íslandi og spá­ir Seðlabank­inn í nýj­um Pen­inga­mál­um „áfram­hald­andi bata á vinnu­markaði með minnk­andi at­vinnu­leysi og fjölg­un starfa og heild­ar­vinnu­stunda“.

Þró­un­inni er öf­ugt farið hjá er­lend­um rík­is­borg­ur­um. Á fyrstu níu mánuðum árs­ins fluttu 1.860 fleiri er­lend­ir rík­is­borg­ar­ar til lands­ins en frá því, eða hér um bil jafn­marg­ir og allt árið í fyrra. Tal­an verður lík­lega tals­vert hærri þegar árið verður gert upp og má nefna að á fjórða árs­fjórðungi í fyrra fluttu 480 fleiri er­lend­ir rík­is­borg­ar­ar til lands­ins en frá því.

„Þetta eru ekki kreppu­flutn­ing­ar. Það er eitt­hvað djúp­stæðara á ferðinni núna,“ seg­ir Ásgeir Jóns­son, dós­ent í hag­fræði við Há­skóla Íslands. Vís­bend­ing­ar eru um að margt há­skóla­fólk flytji úr land­inu

Translation

Number of Icelanders depart from Iceland

From the looks of it this year is going to be the year of most departure Icelandic citizens in recent times.

In the first nine months of the year about 3120 Icelanders departured from Iceland but only 1130 moved back there in that time, according to the coverage the Morgunblað reported today.

According to data from statistics Iceland has departured Icelandic citizens above immigrants only been significantly five times more from the year 1961. The years 1970, 1995 and 2009 to 2011.

What characterizes those years 1968-69 began with the economic downturn following the obtaining recession. The years 1989-94 were difficulties

It says in the analysis that Seðlabankinn gave out that the crisis in 1968-69 started with economic recession. The years 1989-94 were difficulties period that began with the decline in catches, especially cod. Crisis years of 2009-11 came in the wake of the economic collapse in 2008. Now, however, booming Iceland and the Central Bank forecasts the new Bulletin "continued improvement in the labor market, a decline in unemployment and increase in employment and total hours worked."

The trend is the opposite, with foreign nationals. In the first nine months of 1860 brought more immigrants than that, or about the same number as all of last year. The number is likely to be significantly higher when the year will be made and should be mentioned that in the fourth quarter of last year brought 480 more immigrants than from it.

"This is not a crisis communication. There is something profound on the move now." Says Ásgeir Jonsson, Associate Professor of Economics at the University of Iceland. There are indications that many academics deport from Iceland.



I chose this text because I enjoy reading and learning about when the crisis hits and how people handle the situation. It is rewarding to learn what is possible in these situations. Most people move away from their homeland like it sais here above.

Interview with a person related to field of study

1.What was your inspiration to learning social work?

- I have always wanted to help people. I started in psychology, but then switched after one year and found that social work was better for me.

2. Who was your inspiration to learn ing sociology?

- In fact, it was my mother who told me I would make a good social worker and she encouraged me to apply.

3. Do you find your work interfiere with your personal life?

-Sometimes. My work can be heavy on the spiritual/mental side and it is very important to leave your work in the workplace. This is endless process and I think it is very important to work on your own emotions when you work with helping others.

4. What your political views?

-I'm a great equality activists. I'm not tied to any political party. I think it is important that everyone has equal opportunities in life and the welfare and our health care system do not starve.

5. What kind of research are you currently working on?

- I recently finished an article that was built on my MA study, which was done to shed light upon womens experiences of the service in the hospitals women´s department when they are seeking abortion.

6. What is social work?

- The foundations of social work is human rights. It is a profession that is concerned with helping individuals, families, groups with all kinds of social and psycological problems and helping them getting basic services. Social work is also concerned with broader social issues such as poverty, unemployment and domestic violence. Social work aims to help people develop their skills and their ability to use their own resources and strenght to resolve problems

7. Can you find yourself teaching social work sometime in the future?

- I could well imagine myself teach several subjects in the future.

8. Are you a feminist? And why?

- Yes! The word feminists really means equality activists. The word it self seems to be developing some negative meanings and I find that´s very sad and unfortunate. The word feminist is synonymous with various ideological trends and can be highly variable. But to sum it up, you can say that feminist is either a female or a male who knows that gender equality has not been achieved and wants to do something about it. I'm equality activists.

Summary from TED.COM

http://www.ted.com/talks/michael_kimmel_why_gender_equality_is_good_for_everyone_men_included

I chose this video because gender equality is a big part of our lives today and it seized my attention that it not only focused on women equality.

This is a video about why gender equality is important. The more equality if gender in the workplace, in almost everything the more happy people are. The more gender equality the more happiness. When men and women share childcare and housework, everyone is happiness and healthier. It decreases almost everything that is bad, children unhappiness and women nagging and men nagging because everything is equal. Men get happier and women get happier.

Summary from TED.com

http://www.ted.com/talks/brenda_laurel_on_making_games_for_girls

I chose this video because it is talking about why there are no videogames for girls?

There are mainly videogames made for boys or people with the interest of killing, hurting, hunting or some other physical things. Girls usually don’t like those brutal games and there is no one that is making videogames for them. They have to find something else to do. But in this video she is talking about research to find out what girls like to do and play with. They had about 2-3 year research where there were interviews, tests and evaluations to find out what kind of games there could be made for girls who wanted to play. In the and they finish the research and make a prototype of a game and then spread the way they researched and want to make it the way the make videogames. She wants it to be more suitable for girls also.

Summary from TED:COM

Third TED summary

http://www.ted.com/talks/john_mcwhorter_txtng_is_killing_language_jk

I chose this video because I think it will explain a little about love, why it’s easier to fall IN love than to fall OUT of love.

In the video she had been writing a book about love. She had just been through a bad breakup and was heartbroken so she turned to science and did a research about love. She found out that to can fall in love by only asking a stranger or someone you know 36 questions and after that stare into eachother’s eyes for fur minutes without saying anything. And she had tried it herself and they did fall in love and they are still together. But she implies that everyone asked her that question “Are you still together?” when people should be asking more difficult questions like “What do you do to get through the hard times of fights in your relationship?” that matters more and should be asked rather than the first.

Diary

1. Class, I started writing the interview

2. Class, í found the person I was going to interview and sent her the interview. Her name is Erna.

3. Class, í found two articles I am going to translate to English and Icelandic

4. At home I translated the English short text and said why I chose that text.

5. Class, I did a little on the Icelandic translation.

6. At home, I finished the Icelandic translation.

7. Found three videos on ted and did all the summaries