The Great Tundra Biome

By: Olivia Mason

Where is the Tundra Biome(s)?

Located at latitudes 55° to 70° North, the tundra is a vast and treeless land which covers about 20% of the Earth's surface, circumnavigating the North pole. It is usually very cold, and the land is pretty stark. Almost all tundras are located in the Northern Hemisphere. Small tundra-like areas do exist in Antarctica in the Southern Hemisphere, but because it is much colder than the Arctic, the ground is always covered with snow and ice. Conditions are not right for a true tundra to form. Average annual temperatures are -70°F (-56°C).

Photos taken of the Tundra Biome

What types of animals live in this biome?

  • The Artic Fox, Caribou, Ermine, Grizzly Bear, Harlequin Duck, Musk Ox, Polar Bear, and the Snowy Owl are a list of some of the animals that live in the Tundra Biome. The reason why there is such a list is because the Tundra region is very cold and only certain animals were made to sustain those type of temperatures. There is also not a lot of vegetation in this biome due to the cold temperatures, which will go into further detail in the next paragraph.
  • What types of plants are in this biome?

  • Artic Moss, Artic Willow, Bearberry, Caribou Moss, Diamond-leaf Willow, Labrador Tea, Pasque Flower, and the Tufted Saxifrage are all plants that are in the Tundra Biome. This biome is very cold and temperatures never reach above 50 degrees so only certain plants can grow here. This is the only form of vegetation that the animals have that live in this biome. The wind blows constantly, whipping around the small plants that grow in this biome.
  • Whats the Climate like?

    The tundra is a bleak and treeless place. It is cold through all months of the year Summer is a brief period of milder climates when the sun shines almost 24 hours a day. It has been called "the land of the midnight sun". But even the sun can't warm the tundra much. The short summer lasts only 6 to 10 weeks. It never gets any warmer than 45 or 50° F.
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