Muscular Dystrophy

Inheritance: Sex linked Recessive on the X Chromosome

Definition and Causes of Disorder

  1. A French Neurologist named Guillaume Duchenne and called the disorder (Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy)
  2. Muscular Dystrophy occurs when one of these genes is defective. Many of these mutations are inherited, But some occur spontaneously in the mother's egg or the developing embryo and can be passed on to the next generation.
  3. Kids with MD have to use crutches, walkers, and leg braces to let them walk, or they have to use a wheelchair cause there legs get weak when they have Muscular Dystrophy.

Treatment and Research Outlook

  • Enzyme Test
  • Electromyography
  • Genetic Testing

Corticosteroids, Prednisone, and Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)

  • Range-of-motion and stretching exercises
  • braces
  • Mobility aids