Wound Care Guide

By: Victoria Goin

Abrasions

This happens when the skin is/was sraped against a rough surface. The top layer of the skin usually wears away. Abrasions are often exposed to dirt and foeign materials which leads to a higher risk for infection.

Laceration

This happens when a sharp or pointed object tears the tissue, therefore the wound has jagged edges.

Incision

This wound is very simmilar to a Laceration, but has smooth edges rather than jagged edges.

Puncture Wound

This wound may easily occur during activities but could be fatal. This wound could also introduce tetatnus bacillus to the bloodstream.

Avultion Wound

The skin is torn from the body which leads to major bleeding.

WOUND CARE

Immediate Care:

Use the Universal Precautions: all wounds should be treated as though they have been contaminated with bloodborne pathogens.

  1. ALWAYS PUT ON GLOVES!!
  2. To minimize infection clean the wound with a generous amount of soap, water and sterile solution.


Controlling External Bleeding:
  1. Direct Pressure to the wound with gauze (do NOT remove gauze if blood comes through just add more gauze)
  2. Elevate the wound above the heart if possible, continue adding pressure
  3. Pressure Points: apply pressure to any artery to decrease blood frow to the wounded area.

Dressing:

Apply a sterile dressing to the infected area.

Antibacterial ointments are effective in limiting bacterial growth and preventing wound from sticking to the dressing.

When Do You Need Sutures (Stiches)?

You may need Sutures if you have a deep laceration, incision, and occasionaly puntures. Sutures might also be needed if the wound edges cannot be easlity pushed back together. The Stutures should be applied to the wound within 12 hours.

5 Signs of Wound Infection

  • Pain
  • Heat
  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Disordered Function