Spanish 1 Final Exam Review

Use these resources to help you prepare for the final exam!


The Spanish 1 final exam consists of the following sections:
  • Writing: 15%
  • Speaking: 15%
  • Multiple choice and short answer: 70%

    The Final Common Assessment consists of:
  1. Listening comprehension
    15 M.C. questions
  2. Reading comprehension
    20 M.C. questions
  3. Vocabulary and structures (grammar)
    56 M.C. questions
  4. Constructed response with irregular verbs
    5 fill-in-the-blank questions
  5. Culture short answer
    4 questions

Final exam dates

The final exam schedule is as follows:

  • 5/23: 7th and 8th
  • 5/24: 5th and 6th
  • 5/25: 3rd and 4th
  • 5/26: 1st and 2nd

Please make sure that you arrive on time on exam day. The listening comprehension comes 1st and if you are late, you may miss the audio files. These files will not be replayed if you show up late. Make sure you are on time!

Spanish 1 vocabulary and grammar notes

This link will take you to a Google drive folder that has copies of the vocbulary and grammar notes provided throughout the school year as well as a cultural fact sheet.


Gustar for likes and dislikes

The verb gustar is used to talk about likes and dislikes.

  • Me gusta correr. I like to run.
  • Te gusta correr. You like to run.
  • Le gusta correr. He/she likes to run
  • Nos gusta correr: We like to run.
  • Os gusta correr: You all (Spain) like to run.
  • Les gusta correr: They/ you all (Latin America) like to run.

These phrases will help you identify how to pick between me/te/le/nos/os/les:

  • a mí: me gusta
  • a ti: te gusta
  • a usted: le gusta
  • a el/ella: le gusta
  • a nosotros: nos gusta
  • a vosotros: os gusta
  • a ustedes: les gusta
  • a ellos(as): les gusta
01062 Spanish Lesson - Present Tense - Gustar (all forms) + activities

Regular verbs in Spanish

There are 3 verb types in Spanish --AR verbs, --ER verbs and --IR verbs.

Watch the video below for more information on regular verbs in Spanish!

Spanish Present Tense: Regular Verb Conjugation

Irregular verbs

There are some irregular verbs in Spanish. They do not adhere to the guidelines that the regular verbs follow. Watch out for ir (to go), tener (to have), estar (to be) and ser (to be).
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Stem-changing verbs

In Spanish, there are some verbs that have a spelling change in many forms. These are known as stem-changing verbs or boot verbs. Stem-changing verbs differ from the normal pattern of regular verbs. When you see a verb and they have any of the following information, they are stem-changing verbs: pensar, e:ie; poder, o:ue; repetir e:i. This information lets you know what needs to be changed.

These verbs are often called boot verbs. If you imagine the shape of a boot in the verb chart, only the subjects in the boot get the spelling change. The 2 forms left out (nosotoros, vosotros) do not change.

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Ser versus estar

There are 2 ways to say "to be" in Spanish: ser and estar.

Ser is used for permanent attributes such as descriptions, occupations, characteristics, origen and relationships. It is also used to talk about TIME.

Estar is used for temporary attributes such as position, location, mood, emotion and condition.

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Saber versus conocer

There are also two ways to say "to know" in Spanish: saber and conocer.

Saber is used for facts, information, how to do something and knowing things by heart. Saber has an irregular yo form: . The other forms of the verb are like any --ER verb. Here are some examples:

  1. Ella sabe la respuesta correcta.
    She knows the correct answer.
  2. Los estudiantes saben que dos mas dos son cuatro.
    The students know that two plus two is four.
  3. Yo tu dirección electronica.
    I know your email address.

Conocer is used for people you are familiar with, places and things. It is used to convey that someone is familiar with something. Conocer also has an irregular yo form: conozco. The other forms of the verb are like any --ER verb. Here are some examples:

  1. Yo no conozco a Maria.
    I do not know (am not familiar with) Maria.
  2. Alberto y Alfonzo conocen Atlanta.
    Alberto and Alfonzo know (are familiar with) Atlanta.
  3. Ella conoce el sitio de web
    She knows (is familiar with) the website

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Verbs that require a preposition

Verbs with prepositions

Some verbs in Spanish require a specific preposition. If you miss the preposition, a sentence might not make sense. The following verbs and prepositions will be on your final exam:

  1. Ir + a + infinitive
    This is used express that someone is going to do something. For example:
    Yo voy a estudiar.
    I am going to study
  2. Tener + que + infinitive
    This is used to express obligations or that someone has got to do something.
    Yo tengo que estudiar.
    I have got to study.
  3. Acabar + de + infinitive
    This is used to express that someone has just finished doing something. IT IS USED WITH VERBS!
    Yo acabo que escribir un ensayo.
    I just finished writing an essay.
  4. Venir + de + location
    This is used to express that someone is coming from a place. IT IS USED WITH PLACES! Remember that venir (e:ie) is a stem-changer and a Go verb. For example:
    Yo vengo del parque
    I am coming from the park.
    Ellos vienen de la cafeteria.
    They are coming from the cafeteria.

Acabar de

You can use the verb acabar + de + infinitive to talk about activities that people have just finished doing. Treat acabar like any --AR verb. For example:

  1. Yo acabo de leer un libro interesante.
    I just finished reading an interesing book.
  2. Cristina acaba de correr en el parque.
    Cristina just finished running in the park.
  3. Mis amigos y yo acabamos de tomar los exámenes finales.
    My friends and I just finished taking a final exam.

02 Spanish Lesson - Acabar de + infinitive

Making comparisons

There are 3 phrases used to make comparisons with adjectives.

1. más adjective que: more adjective than
La clase de matemáticas es más difícil que la clase de educación física.
Math class is more difficult than P.E. class.
2. menos adjective que: less adjective tan
Roberto es menos activo que su hermano, Raúl.
Roberto is less active than his brother, Raúl.
3. tan adjective como: as adjective as
Sara es tan inteligente como Marco.
Sara is as smart as Marco.
These phrases can also be used to compare opinions about things.
1. más que…: more than
Me gusta correr más que nadar.
I like running more than swimming.
2. menos que…: less tan
Me gusta escribir menos que leer.
I like writing less than reading.
3. **tanto como…: as much as
Me gusta el futbol americano tanto como el basquetbol.
I like football as much as I like basquetball.
Watch out for these comparative adjectives that do not require a comparative phrase.
Mayorà older menorà younger majorà better peorà worse

Spanish Comparatives


Vocabulary: your key to success on the FCA!

Vocabulary is your key to success on the final exam! This cannot be underestimated. You should pay particular attention to: Unidad 3 Etapa 1 (expressing feelings), Unidad 3 Etapa 2 (all sports vocab: sports, equipment, locations) and Unidad 3 Etapa 3 (weather, tener expressions).

Here are some Quizlet links that you can use to review:

Tener expressions

In order to express some moods and feelings, the verb tener is used with a few phrases. Tener is combined with the following phrases.

Tener +

  • # años: to be # years old
  • calor: to be hot
  • cuidado: to be careful
  • frio: to be cold
  • miedo: to be afraid
  • prisa: to be in a hurry
  • razón: to be right
  • sueño: to be sleepy
  • suerte: to be lucky
  • ganas de ____: to feel like doing ____
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Idiomatic Expressions with TENER