Clean Water and Sanitation

1 in 10 people don't have access to clean water.

What's the Problem/Issue?

Even though having access to clean water is a human right, 663 million people don't have that right. At least 1.8 billion people use contaminated water. 2.4 billion people lack proper sanitation.

Impact of Physical Geography

People living in areas that are suffering from drought and have very little fresh water would have a hard time getting fresh water and in turn would need to purchase that water. If governments in these areas do not have a good economy, they can't purchase this water. Drought isn't the only reason certain places don't have fresh water. Low-lying areas such as Bangladesh suffer from severe flooding which then forces them to use contaminated water. This would also cause a problem for the sanitation in a country like Bangladesh because all the sanitation systems that they established would get over loaded

Impact of Human Geography

Lack of fresh water is usually present in areas with a high population density. This happens because many people are in a small area, therefore the resources in that area (like fresh water) would deplete faster than in areas that have a low population density. Even though there is enough fresh water for everyone on this planet, certain governments may not be able to afford fresh water or have a good sanitation in their country.

Effects on the Whole Planet

Countries without proper fresh water and sanitation would have problems developing. This would impact the people living there since it would be less efficient, and there would be bad living conditions there. This will impact the entire planet because this means that less people would receive proper education (since less countries are developed) which means that there are less minds at work to solve big issues such as global warming.

The Solutions

There are non-profit organizations that people can donate to such as The Hunger Project which cares about giving clean water and proper sanitation to people around the world. The Hunger Project builds new wells for communities to use and trains people how to build and maintain sanitation systems. Canada is also helping by improving access to clean water in places like Ghana, and giving access to portable drinking water to 24,000 people in Honduras, and much more.

Citation

"The Impact of Climate Change on Water, Sanitation, and Diarrheal Diseases in Latin America and the Caribbean." The Impact of Climate Change on Water, Sanitation, and Diarrheal Diseases in Latin America and the Caribbean. Population Reference Bureau, n.d. Web. 01 Jan. 2016.


"Water and Sanitation - United Nations Sustainable Development." UN News Center. UN, n.d. Web. 01 Jan. 2016.


"Water & Sanitation - Water Crisis Facts | Water.org." Waterorg. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Jan. 2016.


"Who We Are - The Hunger Project." The Hunger Project. The Hunger Project, n.d. Web. 01 Jan. 2016.


http://www.huffingtonpost.com/john-kluge/the-best-investment-you-e_b_3997143.html


http://acetforafrica.org/publications/west-africa-trends-newsletter/in-search-of-a-breakthrough-the-water-and-sanitation-emergency/


http://greenfieldgeography.wikispaces.com/Droughts responseToken=09bc040cb4728742dd5d07d39cceb463e


http://coolgeography.co.uk/A-level/AQA/Year%2012/Rivers_Floods/Flooding/Bangladesh/Bangladesh.htm


http://www.thehungerproject.co.uk/getinvolved/worldhungerday/about-the-hunger-project/


http://www.slideshare.net/PlanCanada/plan-canada-water-and-sanitation


http://www.slideshare.net/PlanCanada/plan-canada-water-and-sanitation