Cocaine

By Nick Imparato and Kalie Moore

What is Cocaine?

Cocaine is an addictive stimulant drug that comes from Coca plant leaves.


There are two types of cocaine:


Powder cocaine- The powder form of cocaine that is usually combined with cornstarch, sugar, talcum powder, and sometimes procaine. it is sniffed.


Crack- Rock crystal form of cocaine that is combined with ammonia or baking soda and water. It is smoked.

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How is Cocaine used?

Powder Cocaine:

-Snorted or mixed with water and injected with a needle.

-Can be rubbed into gums and tissue


Crack:

-Smoked with a pipe.

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How does Cocaine affect the brain?

Use:

-Changes communication between nerve cells

-Causes buildup of the neurotransmitter in the brain

-Causes increased energy and intense pleasure


Repeated use:

-Lose ability to feel pleasure

-After used, person feels sad or tired

-Causes addiction

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What are other effects of Cocaine?

-High blood temperature

-High blood pressure

-Stomach ache

-Loss of weight

-Loss of appetite

-Can not sleep

-Increased risk of heart attacks or strokes

-High risk of HIV

-Lose sense of smell

-Nose bleeds

Can you get addicted to Cocaine?

-After repeatedly using Cocaine, you can become addicted.

-If you use it again and again, it will cause tolerance to the drug.

-This means that it will take more Cocaine to get the same high feeling.

Can you die if you use Cocaine?

-Yes you can die from using Cocaine

-5,400 people have died from using Cocaine.

-You can die from Cocaine when you overdose or combine it with other drugs and alcohol.

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How many teens use Cocaine?

Cocaine:


Lifetime-

8th graders: 1.60

10th graders: 2.70

12th graders: 4.00


Past Year-

8th graders: 0.90

10th graders: 1.80

12th graders: 2.50


Past Month-

8th graders: 0.50

10th graders: 0.80

12th graders: 1.10


Crack Cocaine:


Lifetime-

8th graders: 1.00

10th graders: 1.10

12th graders: 1.70


Past Year-

8th graders: 0.50

10th graders: 0.70

12th graders: 1.10


Past Month-

8th graders: 0.30

10th graders: 0.30

12th graders: 0.60

What should you do if someone needs help?

If you or a friend need to talk with someone:

Call- National Suicide Prevention Lifeline (1-800-273-talk)


Information on treatment:

Call- Substance Abuse Treatment Facility Locator (1-800-622-HELP)

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What classification does your drug belong in?

Cocaine is a stimulant drug.
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