The American Industrial Age

Alaina Beaver, hour 4

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Andrew Carnegie

Who- Andrew Carnegie was the captain of the steel industry in the 19th century.

What- Andrew Carnegie created his own steel making factory and his company became one of the greatest in the world.

When- He entered the steel business in the 1870s.

Where- Andrew Carnegie was born in Scotland, but moved to Pennsylvania as a child.

Why- He was poor as a child, so he wanted to prove himself and work for success.

"Andrew Carnegie" by Cathy Pearl (12/16/13)

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Alexander Graham Bell

Who- Alexander Graham Bell was a Scottish born Scientist who worked at a school for the deaf.

What- He invented the Telephone, after lots of hard work. "If I could make a current of electricity vary in intensity precisely as the air varies in density during the production of sound, I should be able to transmit speech telegraphically"

When- The Telephone was invented on March 10th, 1876.

Where- The first phone call was made from his lab in Boston.

Why- He worked with deaf children (at a school for the deaf) and he was fascinated with how sound worked.

Robert V. Bruce, Bell : Alexander Graham Bell and the Conquest of Solitude (1973)

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The Great Railroad Strike of 1877

Who- The Baltimore and Ohio railroad announced that there was going to be a pay cut, and this was not the first one.

What- The angry workers reacted violently and created the "Great Railroad Strike of 1877" and the federal troops were even called in to stop the violence.

When- The rioting lasted all through July.

Where- Troops shot people in Pittsburg, and 20,000 people reacted by burning things belonging to the rail road.

Why- The people were devastated at the idea of another pay cut, so they teamed up and there was over $4 million dollars worth of danger.

"The Great Rail Road Strike"

Copy Right 2013 Digital History

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The Union Pacific vs The Central Pacific

Who- The Union Pacific and the Central Pacific were the two company with the challenge of building a rail road from the east to the west.

What- The Union Pacific would build west from Missouri and the Central Pacific would build east from California.

When- The two sides were joined on May 10, 1869.

Where- The tracks met each other in Promontory summit, which is north of Great Salt Lake.

Why- Travel from east to west used to take a lot of time, and the railroad would provide a more useful form of transportation.

"The Pacific Rail Way"

Linda Hall Library Resources