5e VUS Review

By Jiil Kim

John Marshall

How did Chief Justice John Marshall, a Virginian, contribute to the growth of the U.S. Supreme Court’s importance in relation to the other branches of government?

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Important legal precedents established by the Marshall Court strengthened the role of the U.S. Supreme Court as an equal branch of the national government.

Marbury v Madison (1803)

- Established the doctrine of Judicial Review

- The first time the court declared a law or act of government unconstitutional

- This secured judicial review as a powerful tool for checks and balances.

The decisions of the John Marshall court helped to strengthen the power of the national government, while defining the judiciary as an equal branch