The life of King Philip II

A Spaniard absolute monarch.

Background Information

Philip II was born in 1527 and died in 1598. Philip was the son of the Holy Roman emperor Charles V and Isabella of Portugal. His father told him not to trust advisors and because of that, he made all of the decisions and took a long time to decide. He lived in Escorial. Also, he had a love of music and art and had a big collection of pieces of artwork and books. Philip II was educated by Roman clergymen that influenced the king's policies.

Ruling over Spain

King Philip II was a Catholic. Philip II, as head of the government of Spain, believed in the divine right of monarchs and used this to justify a number of immoral and illegal acts, such as ordering murders. Philip developed a system of regional self-government with viceroys answering to him and he ruled as an absolute monarch. While in power he caused the Spanish to decline and led to the disaster with the Spanish Armada.

The Spanish Armada

The Spanish armada was naval invasion force sent to England to overthrow

protestant leader Queen Elizabeth I by Philip II of Spain in July of 1588. The Spanish armada lost and it was an expensive disaster for the Spanish but a celebrated victory

for England.

Citations

"The Spanish Armada - History Learning Site." History Learning Site. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2016.

"Phillip II and Government - History Learning Site." History Learning Site. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2016.

"Phillip II - the Man - History Learning Site." History Learning Site. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2016.