The Russian Federation

By Cameron Arnold

The Flag

The flag of Russia is a tricolor flag consisting of three equal horizontal fields: white on the top, blue in the middle and red on the bottom. The flag was first used as an ensign for Russian merchant ships and became official as the Flag of the Tsardom of Russia in 1696.

Facts about Russia

  • Russia's abbreviation is RU
  • Russia's capital is Moscow
  • The largest city in Russia is the capital, Moscow. Moscow has a population of 10,381,222 people.
  • Russia covers 6.602 million square miles
  • Russia has 143.5 million citizens

Symbols of Russia

  • "The Bear" is Russia's nickname
  • Russia's motto is, "Death or Victory."
  • Russia's national anthem is called "State Anthem of the Russian Federation.'
  • The Tundra Swan is Russia's national bird
  • The Camomile is Russia's national flower
  • The Birch tree is Russia's national tree
Russia National anthem Russian & English lyrics

Physical Geogrophy of Russia

Russia is located in Northern Asia lies between North Pacific Ocean and Europe. Russia is surrounded with countries like China, North Korea, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Belarus, Lithuania, Poland, Ukraine, Norway, Estonia, Latvia and Finland.
Russia spands across 9 time zones, so it has lots of different climates.Russia contains all of the world’s vegetation zones except a tropical rain forest. Its size means that it has a continental climate. The coldest weather is experienced in the north and east, yet summer weather patterns mean that Verkhoyansk in Siberia has the earth’s widest temperature range, with a record low of -68ºC and a record high of 37ºC! Russia also has around 14 volcanoes, most of witch are located on the eastern coast of Russia, bordering the Pacific Ocean. The volcanoes in Russia almost make up the entire left side of, The Ring of Fire (The Ring of Fire is a string of volcanoes and sites of seismic activity, or earthquakes, around the edges of the Pacific Ocean. Deep ocean trenches and high mountain ranges are also part of the Ring of Fire.)
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History of Russia

The first people to settle in Russia were believed to have raised horses and domesticated wild horses for use of humans. Then the Mongolian Empire took over all of Russia. After the fall of the Mongolian monarchy, the Czars of Russia rose to power (Czar means Cesar in russian) The Czars were not technically a monarchy, but they were very similar. After the Czars fell, Russia changed its name to The Soviet Union, and resorted to Communism. After 1991, Russia became Russia again and then became a Democracy. Until 1991, the People of Russia had basically been slaves to the government.

Industry

Currently Russian consists of the following competitive industries: oil and gas, mining, processing precious stones and metals, aircraft building, aerospace production, weapons and military machinery manufacture, electric engineering, pulp-and-paper production, automotive industry, transport, road and agriculture machinery production, light and foodstuffs industries.

Agriculture

Agriculture in Russia survived a severe transition decline in the early 1990s as it struggled to transform from a command economy to a market-oriented economy. Following the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, large collective and state farms – the backbone of Soviet Agriculture – had to contend with the sudden loss of state-guaranteed marketing and supply channels and a changing legal environment that created pressure for reorganization and restructuring. In less than ten years, livestock inventories declined by half, pulling down demand for feed grains, and the area planted to grains dropped by 25%.

The People of Russia

The people of Russia have never been able to enjoy anthing until the fall of Communism, so once they got a taste of what being able to buy whatever, they loved it. People became involved in Politics, art, cooking, and more things they had never been able to experience before.

Places to Visit

Russia's capital is a Beautiful city and is most definatly worth visiting.