Preventative Health

By: Alex Solomon

Mammograms

Who: Women

What: X-ray images of the breasts, used to detect tumors that can't be felt. It also can be used to check for breast cancer.

When: If there is any type of lump present, a mammogram should be done regardless of age, but otherwise it is wise for women to start getting mammograms done at the age of 40.

How often: It is recommended that women at 40 start to have mammograms every two years, up until the mid-70's.


  • Causes of breast cancer are unknown, but we do know that it is a mutation in your genes.
  • Risk factors for breast cancer include women over the age of 40, and a family history of breast cancer.
  • There is no way to prevent breast cancer.
  • Diet, and overall health can lower the chance of getting breast cancer.

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Pap Smears

Who: Women

What: A test that requires a sample of mucus from the cervix; This test can identify infections, and abnormal cells, that could later turn into cervical cancer.

When: Women should start having this done at the age of 21

How often: It is recommended that pap tests are done every three years until the age of about 65.


  • You get cervical cancer if you have sexual contact with someone who has HPV, and then that person passes it on to you.
  • There are only a few ways to reduce the risk of cervical cancer. Avoiding sexual contact, and not smoking are two ways to decrease the risk of cervical cancer by a lot.

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Testicular Exams

Who: Young Men

What: An exam that tests for testicular cancer, by having young men check for lumps in their testicles.

When: Tests should start at the age of 15, although it is rare for someone that young to get testicular cancer.

How often: About once a month, young men should check for lumps, up until the age of about 35.


  • Testicular cancer occurs when healthy cells in the testicles are altered. It always starts in the germ cells, where immature sperm are produced.
  • There is no way to prevent testicular cancer, but it helps to catch it early on. Risk factors include family history, age, and abnormalities with testicle development.

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Prostate Exams

Who: Men

What: Tests for Prostate Cancer in the prostate gland beneath the bladder

When: Men 45 years old should start having tests.

How often: Prostate exams should be done every year


  • There are no exact causes of Prostate cancer, but risk factors are age, family history, and diet.
  • A change in DNA in the Prostate cells result in this cancer.
  • There are no proven ways to prevent prostate cancer, but eating healthy, maintaining healthy weight, and exercise, are all ways to lower your risk of prostate cancer.

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