What is Multiple Myeloma?
When symptoms do occur, they can include:
- Bone pain (spine and chest)
- Loss of appetite
- Mental fogginess or confusion
- Frequent infections
- Weight loss
- Weakness or numbness on the legs
- Excessive thirst
- Chemotherapy and other drugs
- Bisphosphonates (drugs that prevent the loss of bone mass)
- Biologic Therapy (helps restore the bodies immune system)
- Stem Cell Transplant (bone marrow is replaced by stem cells that develop into healthy bone marrow.)
- Plasmapheresis (liquid in the blood, or plasma, is separated from the cells.)
How is it Diagnosed?
This year, an estimated 26,850 adults in the United States will be diagnosed with multiple myeloma. It is estimated that 11,240 deaths from this disease will occur this year.
The five-year survival rate of people with multiple myeloma is 47%. However, several factors affect an individual’s survival, such as the person’s age and overall health. For instance, survival rates are higher in younger people than in older people.