Autism

Sam and Haley Pd. 3

General Info

-Autism is a brain disorder that can make it difficult for individuals to communicate and interact with others

-Different parts of the brain fail to work together

-People with this condition have troubles relating to others

Causes/Method of Inheritance

-There is no single cause for autism, however it is widely accepted that it is caused by abnormalities in the structure or function

-Researchers are looking into other theories such as links between heredity, genetics and medical problems

-Tends to occur in individuals with certain medical conditions (fragile X syndrome, tuberous sclerosis, congenital rubella syndrome and untreated phenylketonuria)

-Some harmful substances injested during pregnancy have been associated with an increased risk for Autism

-Genetic component also increases the chance of having Autism (Ex: Environmental toxins like mercury)

Symptoms

-Doesn't babble or coo by 12 months

-Doesn't gesture by 12 months

-Doesn't say a word by 16 months

-Does not say 2 word-phrases by 24 months

-Has any loss of language or social skill at any age.

Screening tests

Prevention strategies

-Avoid taking drugs during pregnancy, unless the doctor prescribes them

-Early diagnosis and treatment of other medical conditions

-Research is being done to find the cause and other prevention methods for this condition

Treatment

-Behavioral training and managment

-Specialized therapies

-Medicine

-Community and family support

Groups Affected

-Autism can be found in people all over the world

-Often affects more boys than girls

-Girls have more severe symptoms and brain impairment usually

Interesting Facts

-About 1% of the world's population has autism

-Autism services costs U.S. citzens $236- $262 billion anually

-It costs more than $8,600 extra per year to educate a student with autism (The average cost for a student is $12,000

-It's estimated about 1 child in 68 births will have autism

Works Cited

"About Autism | Autism Society." Autism Society. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Apr. 2015

"Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) Center: Symptoms, Causes, Tests, Treatment, and Therapies - WebMD." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 23 Apr. 2015.

"Who Does Autism Affect?" My Child Without Limits RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Apr. 2015.