Canada in the Year 2060

What will Canada look like in the future?

The Beginning!

Do you wonder what Canada will be like in the next 45 years? Well this flyer will incorporate a understanding of the current and future challenges of Canada’s Immigration, Demography, and First Nation community. Canada may have the Niagara Falls, and the great lakes but do you really know Canada, and what is going on? Or what might happen in the year 2060?

Current Immigration

Canada as a country is very dependent on its immigrants because without them our population wont be as high as it is today. Canada right now accepts 250,000 immigrants per year, which makes 1 000 000 immigrants in total in 4 years. Many immigrants are Business class, Economic, Refugees, and Landed immigrants. Many immigrants are coming from countries such as China, India, and the Philippines but our immigrants come from all over the world. Immigrants that come to Canada represent 20.6% of Canada's population. In 2011 Canada admitted 248, 748 immigrants to Canada and 190, 842 temporary immigrants. Also in 2011, 181,286 people became Canadian citizens, and, 11.5% of newcomers arrived as refugees.

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When immigrants decide to migrate to Canada they tend to choose more industrialized and urbanized areas like Ontario, Quebec, and British Colombia. This is because this provinces offer many people catching things such as libraries, community centers, places of worship for different cultures, and more. Recently the amount of immigrants Ontario received was 43.1% and British Columbia received 15.9%. Among all recent immigrants who arrived between 2006 and 2011, roughly 56.9% came from Asia including the Middle East.


There have been significant changes to Canada's immigration system in recent years. This is including new immigration classes, changes to citizenship requirements and modifications to the refugee process. Many temporary residents admitted to Canada. It is estimated that there is about 20, 000 to 50, 000 people without legal status in Canada.

Push Factors

There is many reasons why many immigrants migrate to Canada. Such as:


  • War: the country of where the immigrant(s) is from may have a violence issue. War may have started and they are trying to flee to a safer place.
    • Religious Persecution: the country they are from may discriminate certain types of religious acts, language and or clothing they wear etc.
    • Poor Economy: the government of the country does not support the population, and the state the country is in is poor looking.
    • Education: the education in the country may not be good enough to get a job that will support the family or the immigrant wishes to get a good education. The cost for education may be too high for the immigrant to afford.

    • Human Rights: the country they are from don't support their rights and let them have a freedom of speech.
    • Poverty: the needs the country needs may not be met. The country may not cleanse due to not being able to support the population.
    • Health Care: the health care in the country may not be so great or the health care there is too expensive for the citizens there.

    Pull Factors

    Immigrants who migrates to Canada, migrate for many reasons. For example:


    • Better Job Opportunities: the job availabilities in Canada are endless. The jobs here in Canada also pay well. There are also jobs in Canada that are in high level such as doctor, lawyer, engineer etc.

    • Reunite Family: immigrants in Canada have a choice to join their family and reconnect with them. Canada lets you do that which allows you to have a chance to spend time with family.

    • Improved Living Conditions: some other countries have poor living conditions, meaning, that the area they live in may not be sanitary or the house they live in may not be stable but, Canada isn't like that. Canada is a very clean place and the houses that are built are very stable.

    • Better Health Care: many immigrants come to Canada because of the better medication and health care.
    • Better Education: Canada has very good education and many immigrants come to Canada for education for their kids or themselves because where they come from doesn't support them with good education, and also because it is for free.
    • Lower Taxes: many immigrants come to Canada because they would have to pay much lower taxes then from how much they pay in their country.
    • Freedom of Speech and Religion: many immigrants come to Canada because in Canada they have freedom of speech which they may not have in their country. Also they may come to Canada because where they come from they do not allow them to follow their own religion or support many religions the way Canada does, because in Canada, they support many religion by building mosques, church's, temples, etc.

    Immigration in the future.

    In the year 2060 immigrants will be Canada's best friend. This is because within 55 years our population is going to decrease greatly. This is because the baby boomers that make up a huge fraction of Canada's population would have mostly all past away. Thus causing Canada's population to decline greatly. Therefore Canada will need to accept more immigrants into Canada so that Canada population continues to grow and stay averaged.


    Canada in the year 2060 will have many available job opportunities that are not being fulfilled. Therefore many immigrants would want to come Canada for a chance to get an available job that is with their skill of work. Causing Canada to accept more immigrants, many of which are skilled workers because they will be greatly needed by Canada to fill in the empty job positions and keep the economy running smoothly.

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    Also in the year 2060 since a huge fraction of Canada's population would have past away there will be much less people in Canada that will be paying taxes. This would then cause a major problem for Canada's government and the people in Canada. Therefore by Canada accepting more immigrants in the year 2060 it will help Canada's government and the people of Canada greatly. This is because the more immigrants Canada accepts in the year 2060 the more Canada's population will be growing and the more people that will be paying taxes. Causing the government to be happy and the people in Canada to be happy because they would not have to pay very high taxes.

    Current Demography

    The population in Canada isn't so great compared to other countries in the world. Currently Canada is in the forth stage of development. This means that Canada's birth rate is quite low, and the death rate is also low. We as a country are inclining in our developing stages, but the population is slowly declining. This could cause many issues with the country like, not enough people to support the labour industry or jobs not being filled by people.


    On July 1, 2014, Canada's population was estimated at 35,540,400 over the last year. Birth rate stands at 10.28 births per 1000 people and the death rate stands at 7.87 deaths per 1000 people. 1.54 children per a couple is the average amount of kids a couple would have. Compered to back in the 19oo's that average has dropped significantly. Canada's birth rate right now is also low because lots of couples are having later marriages, and many women are working so they don't have time to stay home and take care of children. Canada has a low death rate because of the new and improved technology, Canada now has better health care, more reliable food sources, clean drinking water and better sanitation then many other countries.

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    Existing population growth rate is 0.78% which is much lower than what it used to be. This is because of the new developed technology Canada has better medical care. Therefore the survival rate for children in Canada is far higher than many other countries, so many families don't have many kids. The Natural increase rate of Canada is 2.62 per 1000 people. There is many reasons to why Canada has a low birth rate. Now a days because technology has improved there is more family planning in Canada and birth control causing lots of families to have control to when they want to have kids and how many. Also there is better health care and a much less likely chance of getting diseases. Causing many families to have 1-3 kids because there children will most likely live from good health care compared to the 1900's where families have many children because lots of them will die from bad health. Also right now in the 21 century having kids is very expensive therefore many families don't want many children and spend lots of money.

    Andrew Ramlo on Canada's Demographic Shift

    Demography in the Future

    Since currently the growth rate of Canada had decreased greatly because of the low birth rate Canada currently has. By the time it is 2060 Canada's birth rate will most likely continue to decrease and in the year 2060 Canada's birth rate will be even lower than it is currently right now. This change will likely happen because as time goes gone many families will be exposed to much better family planning and birth control, children will be very expensive to take care in the future, more woman of wanting a career, and more later marriages. Since the job rates and education is improving. Many women will not have time to take care of children. Causing Canada's population to be effected greatly in the year 2060.


    Currently not only is Canada's birth rate is decreasing but also Canada's death rate. In the year 2060 new and improved technology will be out and because of it by the time it's 2060 Canada's death rate will be even lower. This is because in the year 2060 many changes will occur especially, with our medical care. Medical care will be even better than it is currently and as people in the higher age group are exposed to the new and better health care their life expectancy will increase, causing the death rate in the future to decrease even more than it is today. Therefore because in the year 2060 both death rate and birth rate are very low the natural increase will be even lower than it currently is today.

    Current Frist Nations

    First Nation right now are having many difficulties with dealing with the rest of Canada. Many problems including with their human rights, their culture and heritage, discrimination, reserves, their land, not getting everything they were promised when the Indian Act was out, and many more. Today aboriginals make up 4.3% of Canadian population and their population continues to grow today as their trying to build their community. Aboriginals are living all over Canada but they mostly live around northern areas of Nunavut, North West Territories, Saskatchewan, Ontario, Yukon, and Manitoba. Comparing the Aboriginals and the rest of Canada's growth rate. The Aboriginals growth rate is much higher than the rest of Canada. This is because currently the First Nations birth rate is 60 children per 1000 people. Aboriginals death rate is 5 deaths per 1000 people. Birth rate for the first nations is much higher than the rest of Canada. This is because their children has a less likely chance of living compared to the rest of Canada so families tend to have many children, and because the more children the aboriginals have the more people their is to carry on their tradition and culture in the future so that the first nations don't disappear.

    Canada government accused of discrimination against Aboriginal children
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    This is a graph showing the difference in population of the First Nations compared to the rest of Canada. As you can see the birth rate is much higher than the rest of Canada, but the death rate is higher than the rest of Canada. The First Nations graph is more of a pyramid than the rest of Canada. This means that the rest of Canada is a more developed population than the First Nations.

    First Nations in the Future

    Right now in the year 2015 the aboriginals population is growing much faster and higher than the Canadian population. If the aboriginals continue to grow at the same rate they are growing today it may cause them many problems. In the year 2060 if they continue to grow at the same rate the small reserves the aboriginal people live in will become overpopulated. If their small area becomes overpopulated the living for those aboriginal people will be very hard and many of them will live in poverty more than there is right now. As their population continues to grow, in the year 2060 many aboriginals will be struggling to live and support their family. This is because if they become overpopulated then there will not be enough resources, that the government supports them with for the whole population. Causing many families to live in poverty and not have enough resources for their family.


    When it is the year 2060 education will be more developed causing the cost of education to be more expensive than it is right now, but education will be much better than it is right now in the year 2060. However, if the aboriginals population becomes overpopulated, and many more families are living in poverty, many kids will not be able to get good education or maybe any education. This is because many families will not have the money to send their kids to school, causing many children to be uneducated.


    In the year 2060 health care will be improved and better than it is right now. However if the first nations population continues to grow at the same rate it is growing at today. Many families will not get good health care that will be provided in the future. Thus causing many illnesses to occur and speared much faster and easier to other aboriginals living on the same reserves.

    user801264587

    Judy-file-Mar-13 by user801264587

    The End!

    In conclusion by the time it is the year 2060 many changes would have occurred in Canada. Many of those changes will be in Canada's Immigration, Demography, and the First Nations, and also my life. Birth rate and death rate will be lower, more immigrants will be coming to Canada, more aboriginal's living in poverty and much more. Everything will be different in Canada comparing today 2015 and the next 45 years in 2060.