A Christms Carol Background

Phillip A. Maritato

The Dickens We Know

Charles Dickens is a 19th century, hero disguised as a writer. Just think about it, without him, we wouldn't be putting up a tree in our living room or be taking pictures with 30 sweaty family members crammed in one house. He's kind of like an ancestor you know? So how does this show that Dickens is a hero of his era to ours? Well, first off, he gave us a view into the world of poverty...poor, hungry, and homeless. We all wouldn't notice them without Dickens. His books showed the suffering and pain these poor living people had to go through in an age like his. He showed us the young Charles in a bigger picture. Second, he also showed us cinema! You know, those stories told on an elevated floor. It's crazy how he introduced stories that could be made into a live action play. Now back to Christmas, Dickens showed us a whole new look at the holiday season. He showed us giving and thanks. He showed us the reason for the season. All through one 111 paged book titled, "A Christmas Carol."
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The Dickens We Never Knew

Young Charles was born in one, big, not the happiest family on the block. He spent most of his childhood working to get his family out of debt jail. He eventually had enough money to break out his family. Then they just went on with their merry lives. That's how he wrote his books with great detail of poverty. Once he was old enough, he got a job working for the law. He was NOT having a fun time. So he quit and got a job writing for a little series called the Pickwick Papers. He had lots of fun and when that project finished, he decided to become an author. He had a family, found out his first crush became a monster, and he became depressed after his fame went down the ol' toilet. He became famous again after he wrote "A Christmas Carol," and he died of a stroke. His life was bumpy and exhausting the whole way through.

Illustrations from A Christmas Story

Victorian Age/Era

Well, I just typed out a long paragraph and it didn't save SO, I shall do a new subject.

The Victorian era of British history was the period of Queen Victoria's reign from 20 June 1837 until her death, on 22 January 1901. It was a long period of peace, prosperity, refined sensibilities and national self-confidence for Britain.[1] Some scholars date the beginning of the period in terms of sensibilities and political concerns to the passage of the Reform Act 1832.

Within the fields of social history and literature, Victorianism refers to the study of late-Victorian attitudes and culture with a focus on the highly moralistic, straitlaced language and behaviour of Victorian morality. The era followed the Georgian period and preceded the Edwardian period. The later half of the Victorian age roughly coincided with the first portion of the Belle Époque era of continental Europe and the Gilded Age of the United States.

Culturally there was a transition away from the rationalism of the Georgian period and toward romanticism and mysticism with regard to religion, social values, and arts.[2] In international relations the era was a long period of peace, known as the Pax Britannica, and economic, colonial, and industrial consolidation, temporarily disrupted by the Crimean War in 1854. The end of the period saw the Boer War. Domestically, the agenda was increasingly liberal with a number of shifts in the direction of gradual political reform, industrial reform and the widening of the voting franchise.

Two especially important figures in this period of British history are the prime ministers Benjamin Disraeli and William Gladstone, whose contrasting views changed the course of history. Disraeli, favoured by the queen, was a gregarious Tory. His rival Gladstone, a Liberal distrusted by the Queen, served more terms and oversaw much of the overall legislative development of the era.

The population of England and Wales almost doubled from 16.8 million in 1851 to 30.5 million in 1901.[3] Scotland's population also rose rapidly, from 2.8 million in 1851 to 4.4 million in 1901. Ireland's population however decreased sharply, from 8.2 million in 1841 to less than 4.5 million in 1901, mostly due to the Great Famine.[4] At the same time, around 15 million emigrants left the United Kingdom in the Victorian era, settling mostly in the United States, Canada, New Zealand and Australia.[5]

During the early part of the era, the House of Commons was headed by the two parties, the Whigs and the Conservatives. From the late 1850s onwards, the Whigs became the Liberals. These parties were led by many prominent statesmen including Lord Melbourne, Sir Robert Peel, Lord Derby, Lord Palmerston, William Ewart Gladstone, Benjamin Disraeli, and Lord Salisbury. The unsolved problems relating to Irish Home Rule played a great part in politics in the later Victorian era, particularly in view of Gladstone's determination to achieve a political settlement. Southern Ireland achieved independence in 1922.

Now some poverty pictures from the Victorian Era.

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Thanks for taking the time to read this poster, it's kind of a long one! All the pictures are from Google Images or Yahoo Images, no need for copyright if anything comes up. I do not own these images. All credit goes to the photographers, artists, uploaders.