Fort Sumter

April 12, 1861

Fort Sumter Battle Information.

Fort Sumter is on an island in Charleston Harbor in South Carolina. It was constructed in 1829 as a coastal garrison. It is most famous for being the site of the very first shot in the Civil War. The fort got occupied on December 1860 following South Carolina secession from the Union. The commander at Fort Sumter, Major Robert Anderson, was a former slave owner who was nevertheless unquestionably loyal to the Union. The generous terms of surrender allowed Anderson to run up his flag for a hundred-gun salute before he and his men evacuated the fort the next day. The salute began at 2:00 P.M. on April 14, but was cut short to 50 guns after an accidental explosion killed one of the gunners and mortally wounded another. On April 12,1861 General P.G.T. Beauregard, in command of the Confederate forces around Charleston Harbor,opened fire on the union garrison holding Fort Sumter. At 2:30 P.M. on April 13 Major Robert Anderson, garrison commander, surrendered the fort and was evacuated the next day. Gen.P.G.T Beauregard ,who commanded the confederate forces ,three of his aides to offer the Forts commander ,Union Maj Robert Anderson ,assistance in extinguishing the fires .Before they arrived they saw the garrisons flag raised again , and then it was replaced with a white flag . Arriving at the fort , Beauregard's aides were informed that the garrison had just surrendered to Louis T Wig fall ,a former U.S senator from Texas fort . The terms were soon worked out.

General Robert Anderson

This person is the commander of the federal garrison at Fort Sumter. He was born on June 14,1805 in Louisville, KY. He died on October 26,1871 in Nice, France.His siblings were Charles Anderson. Robert Anderson was a United States Army officer during the American Civil War. To many, he was a hero who defined the Confederacy and upheld Union honor in the first battle in the American Civil War at Fort Sumter in April 1861. Robert Anderson was a mild-tempered man, but not one who would let someone push him around. He was a professional soldier, graduating from West Point in 1825 and beginning a slow rise through the artillery to Major by 1860. He was sent to Charleston in November 1860 and left to solve the problem himself: but the Buchanan Administration didn’t have any answers.


Information About Fort Sumter Monument.

This is a cannon that got cemented. It was used in the battle of Fort Sumter. It was cemented at the end of the war. This cannon was very popular and was used more. It is five inches long. It is the biggest cannon there at the battle field. This cannon is seventy-two years old and still stands today with out any problems.

Websites We Used

The battle field web site was www.history.com.

The map web site was www.ccpl.org