Bill Of Rights

Dennika Jackson, US History, 5th Period

First Amendment

Freedom of speech, the press, and religion.

Means:You can say or write about what you want, can follow any religion, and make any complaints about the government.

Court Case: Bethel School District v. Fraser 1968

A student was suspended for making a public announcement that included indent content.

Second Amendment

The right to bear arms.

Means:The government can't keep people from from protecting themselves, like they can own guns without being in the military forces.

Court Case: McDonald v. Chicago

Chicago had ban guns for certain shooting reasons.

Third Amendment

The right to privacy in home.

Means: Soldiers or Police can't just come in your home and live and eat your food.

Court Case: Nevada v. Person

A police had invaded a mans privacy in his home.

Fourth Amendment

Unreasonable Search and Seizure.

Means: The Soldiers or Police can't just walk in your home and start searching through you stuff of take it away. They have to have a search warrent stating what their looking for and where.

Court Case: Weeks v. United States, 1914

A police officer used Mr.Fremont Weeks hidden key to search his home.

Fifth Amendment

Double jeopardy, self-incrimination, and due process of law.

Means: For a capital crime a grand jury has to decide if there is enough evidence to charge you. You can only be trialed once for a crime. Also you can say anything against yourself first.

Court Case: Harris v. New York

Claims judges didn't have enough evidence to put him in jail.

Sixth Amendment

The rights of the accused in criminal cases.

Means: When you are charged with a crime your trial should happen as soon as possible. You can have a lawyer and witness to back you up.

Court Case: Maryland v. Craig

The child was reportedly unable to testify in the physical presence of the defendant due to severe emotional trauma.

Seventh Amendment

The right to a jury trial.

Means: You can have a jury settle civil case involving a lot of money. Once your case is decided, it can't be brought up again in another court.

Court Case: Tull v. United States

The district court denied Tull's motion for a jury trial and entered judgement for The United States for 325,000.

Eight Amendment

Preventing cruel and unusual punishment.

Means: Your punishment should fit your crime. Like you shouldn't have to pay too much bail or unreasonable fines. The government can't punish you in any cruel or unusual way.

Court Case: Roper v. Simmons

Christopher Simmons was sentenced to death in 1993, when he was only 17.

Ninth Amendment

Rights Retained by the people.

Means: The government can't take away any rights from people, whether they're mentioned here or not.

Court Case:

Tenth Amendment

Limiting federal powers.

Means: As long as the constitution doesn't say anywhere that states can't do something, then the states have that power.

Court Case: