The capital of Oregon is salem
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State bird

The state bird is the

Western Meadowlark

State tree

Douglas fir is the state tree of Oregon
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State flower

The Oregon grape.
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State nickname

The beaver state
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East of the Cascade Range winters are cold. Summers are generally quite hot and dry.


East of the Cascades, many large farms and ranches grow wheat and raise beef cattle. West of the Cascades, farms tend to be small. Agriculture there is specialized. Pears, peaches, and apples are grown in the southwest.

natural resources

Oregon's most important minerals are those used in the construction industries. They include stone, sand and gravel, cement, lime, and clay All the counties quarry stone. Nearly all produce sand and gravel. Clay for brick and tile come from northern parts of the state and from Klamath County.


Manufacturing is concentrated mainly west of the Cascades. It is especially important in and around Portland and other Willamette Valley cities. Oregon long has led in the manufacture of lumber, wood products, paper, and related goods. But other kinds of manufacturing have grown, especially in high-technology fields. Today, factories turn out computer components and other electronic equipment. They also produce precision instruments, transportation equipment, machinery, chemicals, and bricks and tiles.

Sea lion caves near florence

People come from miles around to see them. Deer, elk, and bighorn live in the mountains.

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Fort clatsop near astoria

people carve logs into dugout canoes at fort clatsop. Lewis and clark named fort clatsop after local clatsop indians.

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Oregon trail

It crossed mountains, rivers, and deserts. the trip across the entire trial took about 6 months.

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