# 1 Point Perspective

## Objectives:

I CAN:

• Learn about how artists create the illusion of depth on a 2D surface using the method known as one point perspective
• Understand that in linear perspective all things appear to meet at a single point on the horizon line
• Complete 3 exercises to develop my one point perspective drawing skill (Blocks in Space, Name in Space, Street Scene)

## Dictionary.com define one point perspective as:

…a mathematical system for representing three-dimensional objects and space on a two-dimensional surface by means of intersecting lines that are drawn vertically and horizontally and that radiate from one point on a horizon line…

## Basics:

In one point perspective, surfaces that face the viewer appear are their true shape, without any distortion (like square or rectangle). They are drawn using primarily horizontal and vertical lines, as illustrated by the diagram below:

## Vanishing Point & Horizon Line:

The side surfaces that seem to move away from the viewer, on the other hand, converge towards a single vanishing point‘. This is a point that is located directly in front of the viewer’s eyes, on a ‘horizon line’ (also known as an ‘eye level line’), as illustrated in the photo below:

## Examples in Art:

This method has been used since the Renaissance to create the illusion of depth on a 2D surface. Studying the work of famous artists can also help you gain an understanding of one point perspective, as shown in the examples below:

## Key Points:

• Surfaces that face the viewer are drawn using their true shape
• Surfaces that travel away from the viewer converge towards a single vanishing point

## EXERCISE 1: BLOCKS IN SPACE

Exercise Objectives:

I CAN

• Position a vanishing point and horizon line correctly
• Understand that:
• Blocks drawn above the horizon line appear as if you are looking up at them (you see the bottom of the object)
• Blocks drawn below the horizon line appear as if you are looking down at them (you see the top of the object)
• Blocks that are drawn on the horizon line are drawn as if you are looking directly at them (you see neither the top or the bottom of the object)
• Create 5 blocks in space that use the one point perspective technique

Watch the video below to understand the assignment.

One Point Perspective: Blocks in Space

## EXERCISE 2: YOUR NAME IN SPACE

Exercise Objectives:

I CAN

• Build on my knowledge of one point perspective to create my name in space
• Draw block letters and one point perspective to accurately create my name in space
• Enhance my drawing with color

## When These are Completed...

We will begin working on a city scene when everyone has successfully completed these exercises. You can start planning what will be in your city.
Names in Perspective