The Bills of Rights

U.S. History, 5th Period, Aaron Herrera

What are the Bill of Rights?

The Bill of Rights are the first 10 amendments given to all citizens of the US to help protect them.

First Amendment: The Right to free speech, religion, and press

You are allowed to follow any religion and have the freedom of speech to complain about the government.

Court Case: Ramos vs. Town of Vernon

In 2003 the town of Vernon, Connecticut declared a curfew to decrease crime and victimization. Curfew was declared unconstitutional. Town argued that if it was to help public safety but failed to prove crimes being an issue.

Second Amendment: The right to bear arms

To protect the country you may be drafted in to the armed forces, and citizens have the right to own guns.

Court Case: Bliss vs. Common Wealth

The Case, Bliss vs. Common Wealth, was the first major court ruling over the right to keep and bear arms for personal use.

Third Amendment: The right to privacy in a home

Under any condition may a soldier demand to live in your house and eat your food.

Court Case; Nevada vs. Henderson

Henderson claimed his rights were violated by the police of the 3rd amendment. Not clear that police would be considered "soldiers" under the 3rd amendment so court rejected idea.

Fourth Amendment: Unreasonable search and seizure

A police officer may not search your house unless they carry a search warrant.

Court Case: Arizona vs. Evans

Court decided to extend the good faith rules in the case allowed the evidence.

Fifth Amendment: Double jeopardy, self-incrimination, and due process of the law

For a capital crime, a grand jury, must decide if they can charge you with the evidence presented, and you may only be tried once.

Court Case: Barron vs. Baltimore

City of Baltimore didn't have to pay for damages done to private property during construction. Decision based on that the Bill of Rights didn't extend to the states.

Sixth Amendment: The rights of the accused in criminal cases

When charged with a crime you are able to be trialed as soon as possible, and must be held in public with a jury and a lawyer and witnesses who may or may not back you up.

Court Case: Barter vs. Wingo

Brought to Supreme Court in 1972 court ruled Barker's right to a speedy trial wasn't violated. He didn't demand rights until 7 years later. Justices concluded that a set amount of time couldn't be applied to the term "speedy trial."

Seventh Amendment: The right to a jury trial

You can have a jury settle civil cases involving a lot of money, and may not be brought up again in another court.

Court Case: Rovario vs. United States

Eighth Amendment: Preventing cruel and unusual punishment

Your punishment should fit the crime accused for, and shouldn't have to pay too much for bail.

Court Case: Gregg vs. Georgia

Ninth Amendment: Rights retained by the people

These are not the only rights you have, and the government can take away any rights from people whether listed here or not.

Court Case: Roe vs. Wade

Tenth Amendment: Limiting federal powers

Unless it says that they can't do something the states have that power.

Court Case: Hammer vs. Dagenhart