Intro to Shakespeare and Hamlet!

"To be, or not to be: that is the question"

Who is this guy Shakespeare?!

  • Shakespeare was born and raised in Stratford-upon-Avon

  • Born April 23, 1564 & Died April 23, 1616

  • He was a actor, playwright and poet

  • He was married to Anne Hathaway and they had 3 children: Susanna Hall, Judith Quiney, and Hamnet Shakespeare

  • His father was John Shakespeare and mother was Mary Shakespeare

  • In 1585 his writing and acting career took off and he became partial owner of a playing Company called Lord Chamberlains Men

  • By 1597. 15 of his 37 plays were published

  • Shakespeare retired to Stratford in 1613 at the age of 49

Shakespeare's Work!

1. Why are William Shakespeare’s (WS) works still read and studies in present day? Why is WS popular?
  • Shakespeare is still read and studied in present day because people believe it offers connections that opens pathways for people to learn more.

  • Shakespeare has been around for a long time and i believe that people are pushed to continue to read his works

2. His originality, themes, use of characterization and use of poetry is what makes his work still considered popular and widely read.To whom were WS’s sonnets directed? What is the controversy regarding WS’s literary works?
  • Many people do not know who exactly his sonnets are directed to, but they have a hint.

  • People say that is was dedicated to a young man and the “dark lady”. The young man goes by the name of Mr. W. H. William Herbert is his name and he was the Earl of Pembroke or he was Henry Wriothesley, Earl of Southampton.

  • The controversy of Shakespeare was was he the author of certain plays and did he actually even have the education or knowledge to write such work.

3. When was the Renaissance period? What were the three core values of the Renaissance period? Connect them to Shakespeare. How did the renaissance influence Shakespeare’s writing?

  • The Renaissance period was from 1400-1700.

  • The three values of the Renaissance period were well roundedness, individualism and humanism.

  • Shakespeare connects to these core values because he was an individual of all aspects of literature. That is why his works are so popular till this day. He is original with his language, themes, etc.

4. Who were WS’s audience members? What kinds of messages did WS relay to his audience?
  • His audience for the outdoors consisted of the very wealthy, lower middle class, and upper middle class.

  • His audience is composed of tanners, butchers, iron workers, millers, etc.

  • Shakespeare relayed messages of tragedies, comedies, and histories.

5. How are women positively and negatively represented in WS’s plays? Give an example from Hamlet.
  • Shakespeare allows the women in his plays to be allowed freedom to explore their sexual interests but not completely granted freedom

  • Gertrude in Hamlet marries her husband's murdering brother; therefore, showing that women in authority or power, do not completely obtain the trust of others.

6. Shakespeare will be some of the most challenging reading you will attempt. What are some reading tips to ensure or success?
  • To ensure success you must read more than once if you do not understand the first time.

  • After reading the original text, read spark notes to get a better understanding. Spark notes provides plot summaries and other resources that will allow you to understand the text.

  • Ask questions while you are reading the text.

Hamlet - Thug Notes Summary and Analysis

Hamlet Characters

Fun Facts About Hamlet And Shakespeare

  • Hamlet is Shakespeare's longest play with 4,042 lines.
  • The movie "The Lion King" is based off of Hamlet
  • Hamlet is the world's most filmed story after Cinderella
  • There are many sexual references in Hamlet
  • Over 200 women have played the role of Hamlet on stage.

1.The real Elsinore castle also known as Kronberg is located in Helsinger, Denmark. Noted as one of the most important cites in Northern Europe.

2.A revenge tragedy is a special type of drama, popular in England in the late 16th and 17th centuries. The plot consisted of vengence and

3.Shakespeare might have gotten some of his ideas from the Byzantine, Greek and Roman myth. Also a Danish story that involved Rorik, the king of Jutland and his grandson Amleth.


"The History of Hamlet." The History of Hamlet. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2014.

"Internet Shakespeare Editions." Amleth/Hamlet. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2014.

Shmoop Editorial Team. "Rosencrantz and Guildenstern in Hamlet." Shmoop

University, Inc., 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 13 Nov. 2014.

SparkNotes. SparkNotes, n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2014.

"Why Is Shakespeare Still Popular Today? I Am Completing a Speech about Shakespeare and One of the Questions We Were... - Homework Help -", n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2014.

"Why Is Shakespeare Important?" Why Is Shakespeare Important? N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2014. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2014.

"The Renaissance (1350–1550) for AP European History." N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2014.

"5 Tips for Reading Shakespeare." About. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2014.

"Fun Facts about Hamlet." Hamlet. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2014.