1800s Reforms

Emily Dugle


Help free African- Americans from slavery in the U.S.

Prison/ Mental Health Reform

Dorothea Lynde Dix was an author, teacher and reformer. Her efforts on behalf of the mentally ill and prisoners helped create dozens of new institutions across the United States and in Europe and changed people’s perceptions of these populations.

Prisons at the time were unregulated and unhygienic, with violent criminals housed side by side with the mentally ill.

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During the Victorian period, the temperance movement became more radical, advocating the legal prohibition of all alcohol, rather than just calling for moderation.

It was also perceived to be tied in with both religious renewal and progressive politics, particularly female suffrage.

American Temperance Society

The American Temperance Society, like most other temperance groups at the time, called for abstention from drinking distilled spirits but not from beer and wine. This reflected the myth that distilled spirits were more alcoholic than the other beverages.
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Women's Rights

The first women's rights convention was held in Seneca Falls, New York.

After 2 days of discussion and debate, 68 women and 32 men sign a Declaration of Sediments, which outlines grievances and sets the agenda for the women's rights movement.

A set of 12 resolutions is adopted calling for equal treatment of women and men under the law and voting rights for women

Prominent 19th century suffragist and civil rights activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton became involved in the abolitionist movement after a progressive upbringing. She helped organize the world’s first women’s rights convention in 1848.

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